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 01.FACULTYSHIPS
      ASSOCIATION
      COLLEGE
      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEW-CONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F.
BOOKS
       G CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
       J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL      
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

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 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

 ENTERTAINERS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

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WINK ON SITE

LOVE AT SITE

SING WITH SITE

DANCE OVER SITE

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.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY
Intellectual Consultants.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
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Expert

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CIRCLES MENU CIRCLES

 01.FACULTYSHIPS
      ASSOCIATION
      COLLEGE
      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEW-CONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F.
BOOKS
       G CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
       J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL      
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

 ENTERTAINERS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WORLD WIDE WEB IN MOTION

WINK ON SITE

LOVE AT SITE

SING WITH SITE

DANCE OVER SITE

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY
Intellectual Consultants.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
RePEc   SSRN

Consultant
Expert

3

Contact :   Dr.VSRS

 GET  CLICK & GET DRVSRS TOOL BAR TOOL BAR

GO TO HOME PAGE

CIRCLES MENU CIRCLES

 01.FACULTYSHIPS
      ASSOCIATION
      COLLEGE
      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEW-CONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F.
BOOKS
       G. CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
       J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL      
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

 ENTERTAINERS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WORLD WIDE WEB IN MOTION

WINK ON SITE

LOVE AT SITE

SING WITH SITE

DANCE OVER SITE

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY
Intellectual Consultants.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
RePEc   SSRN

Consultant
Expert

4

 GET  CLICK & GET DRVSRS TOOL BAR TOOL BAR

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 06. NEW-CONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 09. SMART-THOUGHTS 
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

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 12A.  STARS  MAIN FRAME 

STAR SPINNER

TWINKLE TWINKLE LITTLE STAR.
HOW I WONDER WHAT YOU ARE ?

     UP ABOVE THE WORLD SO HIGH. 
LIKE A DIAMOND IN THE SKY.    

   (Old Nursery Rhyme)  

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INNOVATION - INFORMATION - NEW CONCEPTS

 SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME
            UNIVERSE OF VIBRATION / QUIVERING UNDUALTION
 GO TO STAR MAPS  : MID-NORTHNEAR-NORTHZODIAC
YOUR ► 
 GOOD LUCK  &   SEARCH   Consultant  SHOPPING

                MORE THEME JOKE     : ACERBIC ASTROLOGY
                            
THEME RECIPE : GAUVA JUICE

               DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

drvsrs

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MIS

Quality

Research & Development

Socio-Economic Development Acceleration

                                       FROM VIEWER'S VIEWS                                              
Besides the study of the constellations and the stars from the Scientific angle of Space Science, I wish to know the value and validity of the Astrology and the predictions ???  Navneeth.R.Brijwasi
I have an inclination to understand the "Mathematical" ingenuity of the Indian astronomers, besides just identifying and naming the stars -
DR.VSRS
Congratulations for your new concepts which are "mind boggling", "thought provoking" and "integrates the science of physics into the doctrines of philosophy" -  Ms.Katharine Hills
It is expected to upgrade the quality of human life to a vicious dimension, not thought of so far, by anybody's imagination -
DR.VSRS  


            SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME

                       UNIVERSE OF VIBRATION / QUIVERING UNDUALTION
         GO TO STAR MAPS  : MID-NORTHNEAR-NORTHZODIAC
         DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU *****************************************************************
METHOD OF ORGANISATION IN SECTIONS
A.  General  & Searches B.  Our Star - The Sun C. About the Star and Space
D.  Greek Alphabets  E.  Symbols Used F.  Zodiac & Other Constellations
G.  Bibliography
H.  Energy-Mass-Life-Space Concept of ENMALISP By : DR.VSRS
I.   Gopala Samudram .S. Viswanathan 

 

 

GENERAL
101 = 10
102 = 100 108 = 100,000,000  10n = 10000..n zeros.
Or add 1, 2, 8... n zeros after 1
1 Light Year = [ 299,792,459 X 60 (Min) x 60 (Hrs) X 365.25 (Days)] =  9.460 Million Million ( 1015 )  Kilo Meters ( It is the distance travelled by light in one year ).

GO TO TOPICS
GO TO  CONSTELLATIONS-INDIAN   NAMES ( ZODIAC / OTHERS )
GO TO STARS INDIAN NAMES (ZODIAC & OTHERS)
GO TO  CONSTELLATIONS-WESTERN NAMES ( ZODIAC / OTHERS )
GO TO STARS WESTERN NAMES

========================================================================
01. OUR STAR - THE SUN    02. ABOUT THE STARS & SPACE  03. GREEK ALPHABETS
04. SYMBOLS USED  05. ZODIAC  CONSTELLATIONS
06.
OTHER CONSTELLATIONS. 07NEAR NORTH CONSTELLATIONS. 
 
08 MID NORTH CONSTELLATIONS.  09.   FAR NORTH CONSTELLATIONS. 
10.  CLOSE SOUTH CONSTELLATIONS.  11.  NEAR  SOUTH CONSTELLATIONS.  
12.  MID SOUTH CONSTELLATIONS.  13.   DOWN SOUTH CONSTELLATIONS.
14
.  FAR SOUTH CONSTELLATIONS.  15BIBLIOGRAPHY.
16. ENMALISP

GO TO KEY WORDS
Ascendant, Autumnal Eqinox. Bayer Letter. Barred Spiral galaxy.
Black Holes. Celestial Equator.
Celestial Poles. Chandhra Raasi (Moon Sign).
Chandhra Nakshathram (Moon Star).  Chirodhaya (Head Rising). Clown Face nebula. Comet. Constellations. Crab Nebula. Dark Nebulae. Dark Forces Debilitation. Declination.  Distance of Stars. Double Stars. Eccliptic. Eliptical GalaxyEskimo NebulaExaltationFlamsteed Number. Galaxy. Giants History in astronomyHome Constallation. Horizon. Horse Shoe Nebula.  
 
IC Number. Lagnam (Ascendant). Latitude.  Light YearLogtitude. M-Number. Meteors. Milky WayMoon SignMoon Star. NGC-Number. Nebulae. Neecham.
Normal Spiral Galaxy. Omega Nebula.  Planetory Nebulae. Pole Star.
Prishtodhaya (Tail Rising) . Planets. Quasars. Quasi-Stellar. Radiant. Red Dwarfs. Right accession. sidereal Day. Solar Day.  Sombrero Galaxy. Spiral Galaxy.
Sporadic MeteorsStars. Star Brightness. Star Cluster. Star Names.
Star Position. Stellar Objects. Struve Number
. SUC NumbersSun Sign. Sun Star.
Surya Nakshathram (Sun star). Surya Raasi (Sun sign). Super Giants. Swan Nebula. Swasthanam. Trifid Nebula. Ubayodhaya (Cntre rising). Uchcham. Universe.
V
ernal Equinox. White DwarfWhite Nebulae. Zenithal Hourly Rate ( ZHR )Zodiac.
GO TOP  
  SHOPPING
 DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

             GO TO CONSTELLATIONS - WESTERN NAMES ( CWN )           
               Western Name-Serial No-Indian Name-SUC#
                     SUC# :  001 - 012 ZODIAC SIGNS ( EQUATOR + 23 N & + 23 S )
                     SERIAL No : RUNNING No 01 to 88.
                  101 to 114 - NEAR NORTH.     201 to 212 - MID   NORTH.   301 to 303 - FAR NORTH.
                  501 to 515 - CLOSE SOUTH.   601 to 615 - NEAR SOUTH.  701 to 707 - MID SOUTH.
                                          801 to 809 - DOWN SOUTH.   901 FAR SOUTH. 

                                      ZODIAC CONSTELLATIONS ( ZWN )                                                       
ARIES-01-MESHAM -001.               TAURUS-02-RISHABHAM-002. 
GEMINI-03-MITHUNAM-003.         CANCER-04-KATAKAM-004. 
LEO-05-SIMHAM-005.                     VIRGO-06-KANYA-006.
LIBRA-07-THULAM-007.                 SCORPIUS-08-VRICHIGAM-008.
SAGITTARIUS-09-DHANUS-009.  CAPRICORNUS-10-MAKHARAM-010.
AQUARIUS-11-KUMBHAM-011.    PISCES-12-MEENAM-012.

======================================================================================
                                OTHER CONSTELLATIONS ( OWN ) In Progress                                          
ANDROMEDA-13-DEVAYANI-211.   ANTLIA-14-VATA AKARSHA-607.  
A
PUS-15-KAPOTAM-808.             AQUILA-16-GARUDAM-109ARA-17-PEETAM-611.  
A
URIGA-18-SAARADHI-102     BOOTES-19-BHOOTHAPAM-204. 
C
AELUM-20--REKHA(Line)--702.      CAMELOPARDALIS-21-KHARABHAM-201.
C
ANES VENATICI-22-SHYAMA CHABHALAM-203
CANIS MAJOR-23-BRUHATH LABDHAKAM-604.
C
ANIS MINOR-24-LAGHU LABDHAKAM-504 CARINA-25-NAUKATHALAM-806.
C
ASSIOPEIA-26-SHARMISHTAM-212.        CENTAURUS-27-NARATHURAGAM-509.
C
EPHEUS-28-VRISHA PARVAM-301.                    CETUS-29-THIMINGHILAM-501.
C
HAMAELEON-30-VAYU BHAKSHAKAM-807.  CIRCINUS-31--SHIRSHA(Tip)--609
C
OLUMBA-32-PARVATHAM-703.
C
OMA BERENICES-33-ARUNDHATHI KECHAM-105
CORONA AUSTRALIS-34-DAKSHINA MUKUTAM-512.
C
ORONA BOREALIS-35-UTHARA MUKUTAM-205.  CORVUS-36-HASTHAM-508.
CRATER-37-
KACHAKAM-507. CRUX-38-THRISANGU-608. CYGNUS-39-HAMSAM-208. DELPHINUS-40-DHANISHTAM-111.
D
ORADO-41-ASIDHAMSHTRAM-803.  DRACO-42-KALIYA-302. 
EQUULEUS-43-LAGHU ACHWAM-112ERIDANUS-44-YAMUNA-602. 
FORNAX-45-ASMANTHAM-601.            GRUS-46-BAKAM-614.
HERCULES-47-SHAURI-206.   HOROLOGIUM-48-KAALA YANTHRAM-701
HYDRA-49-VAASUKHI-505.    HYDRUS-50-ALGARDHAM-801.  INDUS-51-YAMA-613. LACERTA-52-SARATHAM-210.   LEO MINOR-53-LAGHU SIMHAM-104
L
EPUS-54-CHAACHAKAM-603.   LUPUS-55-VRIKHAM-510.
L
YNX-56-GAVAYAM-103.              LYRA-57-SWARA MANDALAM-207.
MENSA-58-THRIKUTAM-901     MICROSCOPIUM-59-SUKSHMA DHARCHAKAM-513.   MONOCEROS-60-SRINGHA ACHWAM-503.  MUSCA-61-MAKSHIKAM-705.
NORMA-62-ANKANI-511OCTANS-63-ASHTAKAM-809
O
PHEUCHUS-64-BHUJANGA DHARI-107
ORION-65-MRIGAM/AGRAHAYANI/THRIMURTHY-502
PAVO-66-MAYURAM-706.                     PEGASUS-67-MAHA ACHWAM-113.  
PERSEUS-68-YAYADHI-101.                  PHOENIX-69-JATAYU-615
PICTOR-70-CHITHRA PHALAKHA-804
PISCIS AUSTRINUS-71-DHAKSHINA MASYAM-514. PUPIS-72-ARIDHRAM-605
P
YXIS-73-DHIK DHARCHIKAM-606.  RETICULUM-74-JALAKAM-802.
SAGITTA-75-SARAM-110.                     SCULPTOR-76-CHILPAKARA-515.  
S
CUTUM-77-PHALAKHA-108.              SERPANS-78-BHUJANGAM-106.
S
EXTANS-79-SHADAMSAM-506.       TELESCOPIUM-80-DHOORBINA-612.
TRIANGULLUM AUSTRALE-81-DHAKSHINA THRIGONAM-610.
T
RIANGULUM BOREALIS-82-UTHARA THRIGONAM-114.
TUCANA-83-KHARANDHAVAM-707           URSA MAJOR-84-SAPTHA RISHI-202.
URSA MINOR-85-DHRUVA MASYAM-303.   VELA-86-NAUCHIRSHAM-704.
VOLANS-87-SAPHARI-805VULPECULA-88-JAMBHIKAM-209.

                          GO TOP  
  SHOPPING 
            DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ?
ZONU
                  GO TO CONSTELLATIONS - INDIAN NAMES ( CIN )
                     Indian Name-SUC# -Western Name-Serial No
                    SUC# :  001 - 012 ZODIAC SIGNS ( EQUATOR + 23 N & + 23 S ) 
                    SERIAL No : RUNNING No 01 to 88.
                    101 to 114 - NEAR NORTH.     201 to 212 - MID   NORTH.  301 to 303 - FAR NORTH.
                    501 to 515 - CLOSE SOUTH.  601 to 615 - NEAR SOUTH.  701 to 707 - MID SOUTH.
                    801 to 809 - DOWN SOUTH.   901 FAR SOUTH. 

===================================================================================
                                   ZODIAC CONSTELLATIONS ( ZIN )                                                                
MESHAM-001-ARIES-01.   RISHABHAM-002-TAURUS-02.    MITHUNAM-003-GEMINI-03.
KATAKAM-004-CANCER-04.   SIMHAM-005-LEO-005.           KANYA-006-VIRGO-006.  
T
HULAM-007-LIBRA-07.                  VRICHIGAM-008-SCORPIUS-08.  
DHANUS-009-SAGITTARIUS-09.   MAKHARAM-010-CAPRICORNUS-10.  
KUMBHAM-011-AQUARIUS-11.     MEENAM-012-PISCES-12 
====================================================================================
                                         OTHER CONSTELLATIONS ( OIN )    In Progress                                 
ALGARDHAM-801-HYDRUS-50.   ANKANI-511-NORMA-62.  ARIDHRAM-605-PUPIS-72.
ARUNDHATHI KECHAM-105-COMA BERENICES-33.               ASHTAKAM-809-OCTANS-63.
ASIDHAMSHTRAM-803-DORADO-41.        ASMANTHAM-601-FORNAX-45. 
B
AKAM-614
-GRUS-46.                                     BHOOTHAPAM-204-BOOTES-19. 
BHUJANGA DHARI-107-OPHEUCHUS-59.  BHUJANGAM-106-SERPANS-78.
BRUHATH LABDHAKAM-604-CANIS MAJOR-23.  CHACHAKAM-603-LEPUS-54.
CHILPAKARA-515-SCULPTOR-76.             CHITHRA PHALAKHA-804-PICTOR-70.
DAKSHINA MUKUTAM-512-CORONA AUSTRALIS-34.  DEVAYANI-211-ANDROMEDA-13.
DHAKSHINA MASYAM-514-PISCIS AUSTRINUS-71.
DHAKSHINA THRIGONAM-610-TRIANGULLUM AUSTRALE-81.
DHANISHTAM-111-DELPHINUS-40.            DHIK DHARCHIKAM-606-PYXIS-73.  
DHOORBINA-612-TELESCOPIUM-80.        DHRUVA MASYAM-303-URSA MINOR-85.
G
ARUDAM-109
-AQUILA-16.    GAVAYAM-103-LYNX-56.  HAMSAM-208-CYGNUS-39.  
HASTHAM-508-VAYASAM-CORVUS-28-  JALAKAM-802-RETICULUM-74.
JAMBHIKAM-209-VULPECULA-88.  JATAYU-615-PHOENIX-69. 
K
ACHAKAM-507
-CRATER-37.                  KALA YANTHRAM-701-HOROLOGIUM-48. 
K
ALIYA-302
-DRACO-42.                             KAPOTAM-808-APUS-15.
KHARABHAM-201-CAMELOPARDALIS-21.   KHARANDHAVAM-707-TUCANA-83. 
LAGHU ACHWAM-112-EQUULEUS-43.   LAGHU LABDHAKAM-504-CANIS MINOR-24.
LAGHU SIMHAM-104-LEO MINOR-53.   MAHA ACHWAM-113-PEGASUS-67. 
MAKSHIKAM-705-MUSCA-61.                  MAYURAM-706-PAVO-66.  MRIGAM/THRIMURTHY/AGRAHAYANI-502-ORION-65. 
NARATHURAGAM-509-CENTAURUS-27.   NAUCHIRSHAM-704-VELA-86.  
N
AUKATHALAM-806
-CARINA-25.         PARVATHAM-703-COLUMBA-32. 
P
EETAM-611
-ARA-17.                                PHALAKHA-108-SCUTUM-77.  SAPHARI-805-VOLANS-87.  
REKHA(line) -702-CAELUM-20 
SAPTHA RISHI-202-URSA MAJOR-84.  SAARADHI-102-AURIGA-18.
SARAM-110-SAGITTA-75.                       SARATHAM-210-LACERTA-52. 
SHADAMSAM-506-SEXTANS-79.          SHARMISHTAM-212-CASSIOPEIA-26. 
SHIRSHA(Tip)- 609-
CIRCINUS-31          S
HAURI-206-HERCULES-47.          
SHYAMA CHABHALAM-203-CANES VENATICI-22.      SRINGHA ACHWAM-503-MONOCEROS-60 
SUKSHMADHARCHAKAM-513-MICROSCOPIUM-59.  SWARA MANDALAM-207-LYRA-57.   THIMINGHILAM-501-CETUS-29. THRIKUTAM-901-MENSA-58.  THRISANGU-608-CRUX-38.
UTHARA MUKUTAM-205-CORONA BOREALIS-35.
UTHARA THRIGONAM-114-TRIANGULUM BOREALIS-82. VASUKHI-505-HYDRA-49. VATA AKARSHA-607-ANTLIA-14.  VAYU BHAKSHAKM-807-CHAMAELEON-30. 
VRIKHAM-510-LUPUS-55.    VRISHA PARVAM-301-CEPHEUS-28.
YAMA-613-INDUS-51.            YAMUNA-602-ERIDANUS-44.   YAYADHI-101-PERSEUS-68.

                                              GO TOP     SHOPPING
           
 DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

GO TO STARS - WESTERN NAMES ( STWN )
Acubens. Akrab. Akrabat. Albali. Alchiba. Alcyone. Aldebaran. Algeiba.
Al Gedi. Algenib. Algenubi. Alghorab. Algol, Allenah.  Al Nasi. Alrischa. Antares. Arctus. Ascllus Australis. Ascllus Borealis. Asterope. Atlas. Bellatrix. Boain. Castor. Celenoa. Dabih. Deneb Algedi. Denebola. Dschubba. Electra. Elnath. Gienah. Hamal. Hyades. Kaus Australis. Kaus Borealis. Kaus Meridonalis. Maia. Mankib. Marfak. Mebsuta. Merope. Mesarthim. Mirak. Muluizi. Nashira. Nunki. Pieione.  Pleiades. ( Aries / Taurus / Cluster ). Pollux. Porrima. Regulus. Rukbat. Sadalchiba. Sadalmalik. Sadalsuud. Shaula. Sheratan. Skat. Spica. Taygeta. Vindamiatrix. Wasat . Zavijijava. Zosma. Zuban.
Zubenel Akrabi. Zubenel Genubi. Zubenes Chameli.   
GO TOP   SHOPPING
===================================================================================
GO TO STARS - INDIAN NAMES ( STIN )
ZODIAC STARS ( ZSTIN )

          01 - Aswini. 02 - Bharani03 - Krithiga ( Mesham / Rishabam / Cluster ).
          04 - Rohini. 05 - Mriga Shirsham ( Rishabam / Mithunam ).
          06 - Aridhra
/ Thiru Athirai. 07 - Punarvsu (
Mithunam / Katakam ).
         
08 - Pushyam / Poocham. 09 - Aslesha / Ailyam 10 - Magham.
         
11 - Poorva Phalguni / Pooram.
          12 - Uthara Phalguni
/ Utharam ( Simham / Kanya ). 13 - Hastham.
          14 - Chithra
( Kanya / Vrichigam ). 15 - Swathi
          16 - Vichagam ( Libra / Scorpius )  17 - Anuradha / Anusham.
          18 -
Jyeshtam / Kettai. 19 - Moolam. 20 - Poorvashadam / Pooradam.
          21 - Uthrashadam / Uthradam ( Sagittarius / Capricorn ). 
          22 - Shravanam / Thiruvonam.
          23 - Dhanishtam / Avittam ( Makahram / Khumbam ).
          24 - Chathabishag / Chadhayam
          25 - Poorva Bhadhrapadha / Pooratathi ( Khumbam / Meenam )
          26 - Uthara
Bhadhrapadha / Uthiratathi.  27 - Revathi.                          GO TOP
=======================================================================================
                                                                  OTHER STARS ( OSTIN )
Abhayanthi.   Agni..  Amba.
Anamika. Angushta. ChupunikaDhulaKakshi. KanishtikaKarthigeyanMadhyama. Tharjanee. Varshyani.    Vitani.       GO TOP
*******************************************************************
          SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME
          GO TO STAR MAPS  : MID-NORTHNEAR-NORTHZODIAC
          DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

Life in the Earth continues to exist and progress forward over each Millennium, because of the existence of a  Star, which we call as the Sun. The solar family has the planets Mercury (nearest), Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune and  Pluto ( farthest ) to support. All the planets except the Sun, the star supporter,  do not have any self generated energy.  

Like a grill, the Earth has a self-rotation to distribute the heat of the Sun over all its surface equally for each day, as well as a tilted movement by 23 degrees towards North and South, at 6 Months each,  to distribute a fair share of the heat to the polar regions.

  • The plant life on earth continues to exist, because it converts the solar energy directly into starch, the food, with the help of Chlorophyll, the green layer on each leaf.

  • The human life on earth enjoys the day and night, as well as the seasons, because of the existence of the Sun.

  • If the Earth goes nearer to the Sun by a few miles, all the species will be burnt, all the water on the surface ( both in the rivers and the sea ), and inside the earth, will evaporate.

  • If the Earth goes away from the Sun by a few miles, then all the species will be frozen to death, all the water on the surface ( both in the rivers and the sea ), and inside the earth will freeze.

  • Then the Earth will become a dead planet like our moon, continuing its rotation around the Sun. It will be a catastrophe !!!

  • Will this happen ?.... Yes !!! At some far distant future, may be in some millions of years after. This is based on the  assumption that the current relationship and environments between the Sun and Earth will continue as it is now. In case it is disturbed within the solar system or due to any external celestial environment, the catastrophe could take place at any moment.

This is one of the motivation for the mankind to find a way to travel into space, for a future lively-hood and safety.

The details about our Sun

Radius = 6.960 X 108 Meters = 4.326 X 105 Miles. Mass = 1.99 X 1030 KG.
( It is about 100 times the size of our Earth ).
Surface area = 6.087 X 1018 Square meters.  Energy Production = 3.90 X 1026 Watts per hour.
GO TOP 
  SHOPPING

THEME PICTURE & QUOTATION
HOME
01. NATURE IN LIFE
======================================================================================
 

Are they Blooming Flowers in a    Winter Tank,
Or they be Mini Coins Minted for a Ruler's Bank. 
Jasmines scattered by Attractive Eyed  Maidens, 

And Later gathered for Accurately Made Garlands.  
May be the Pearls on a Beautifully Woven Silken Garment,

Could  be  the  Peony  laid  on a Golden   Satin   Raiment.
  Perhaps Carefully Cut and Sharpened Diamonds of Divinity,

Possibly   Skillfully  Put  &  Decorated    Lanterns   at Infinity.  
They are the Star Clusters. 

" VIN MEENKAL KOOTTAM " ( Star Clusters )  By Vani Dhasan
( Ranga Swamy. 1915 - 1974 )

Translated by Dr.VSRS from the original Tamil Version written in a
Beauty
Descriptive ( Ezhil Viruththam ) Tamil Poetic Style, by the Author.
  *************************************************************
SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME
 GO TO STAR MAPS  : MID-NORTHNEAR-NORTHZODIAC
 DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

**************************************************************

STARS : Stars are incandescent ( burning ) balls of gas similar to our Sun, but at far away distance. They are in wide range of brightness, colours, temperatures, shapes, sizes etc... A far away bright star may appear faint, and a closer faint star may appear bright, because the intensity of light varies inversely as the square of the distance.

Because of the rotation of the Earth, a Star is rising in the eastern sky at every moment. Within a day and night, all the stars rise in the eastern sky and set in the westrn sky.Hence they do not have any fixed position in the East-West direction. But they appear over head in a fixed North-South point.
                             GO TOP    SHOPPING
                       DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ?
ZONU

*******************************************************************

  • ASCENDANT : The circumference of the Earth along the equator is is about 40,090 Kilo Meters ( KM ). The self rotation of the Earth covers this distance in 24 Hours. Hence the speed of rotation is about 1,670.48 KM per Hour on the Equator region. Since the Earth is Egg shaped, the diameter decreases from 12,756 X 106 KM in the Equator to Zero in the North and south Pole. Hence the lateral speed of rotation varies from 1,670.48 KM per hour in the Equator region to 0 KM per hour in the poles !!! Because of this, the length of Day and Night varies at different latitudes ( Inclination from the North and South poles towards the Equator   on the Earth ).

Also, the Earth  completes a rotation of 360 in 24 Hours, or it covers 15 per Hour.  This angular speed is uniform from the Equator to the Poles !!!.

Because of this rotation, a constellation is rising in the Eastern sky, at every moment. In the night one can see the rising constellation. But during the day time, one cannot see it because of the Sun's light. Within a day and night, all the constellations rise in the eastern sky and set in the westrn sky. But the rising constellation, seen from the Earth varies with the angle in which it is viewed from the Earth. This angle is decided by the angle of the Latitude
( North to South ) and the angle of the Longitude ( East to West ). 

The rising constellation on the eastern sky at any point of time is known as the Ascendant. The equivalent Indian term is Lagnam.

  • AUTUMNAL EQUINOX : This is the point where the Sun crosses the Celestial Equator, moving from North to South. This  left ascension
    ( downward ) takes place on 23 September each year. It is the celestial equivalent of 180
    opposite to the Greenwich meridian in the Earth. This point is in the constellation Virgo ( on the star Spica - Chithra ), the second largest constellation on the sky. This is diametrically opposite to Vernal Equinox, where the Sun crosses the Celestial Equator from South to North.

  • BLACK HOLES : Region in space occupied by the collapse of a star. It has a very high mass compressed into an un-imaginably small space. It is extremely high in gravitational pull, to the extent that even light cannot escape out of it. Hence these are invisible. A black space in the constellation Cygnus, near the star  Eta-Cygni ( in the northen sky ) is considered to be the black hole first ever identified, based on the
    strong X ray
    emerging out from there. ( Black Holes : M-87 )

  • CONSTELLATIONS  : The sky is divided into 88 areas or Constellations, each having a group of stars, within its boundary. This is similar to our Political Map of the Earth. This is to easily locate any star or any other object (like Comets, Planets etc...) in the sky. They are in different shapes and sizes. The largest constellation is HYDRA or the Water Snake. This occupies about 19 times greater area in the sky, than the smallest constellation CRUX, the Southern cross. Some constellations have one or many bright stars, while others may have only small and faint stars.

The 12 constellations through which our Sun passes every year, is known as the ZODIAC.

The tradition of division of sky into Constellations began 1000s of years before. The Greeks recognised about 48 Constellations including the Zodiac. Constellation shapes and boundaries frequently overlapped and some times the same star was shared between 2 constellations. In 1930, the International Astronomical Union ( IAU ) adopted a list of 88 Constellations. Every Constellation is identified by a generic name in Arabic, Greek, Latin or Sanskrit origin.

Constellations in this Web-Site are assigned an unique number by me, in addition to their names, to easily search their location and understand about them. I call it as SUC (Subramaniam Constellation Numbers ).

Zodiac or the  12 constellations through which our Sun passes every year, are the constellations within the lines of the Earth's Equator
( 00 ), Tropic of Cancer ( 23
Degree North ) and  Tropic of Capricorn ( 23 Degree South ) are assigned numbers from  001 to 012
( 12 Constellations )

The 29 Constellations in the North of Zodiac are assigned as  :
Near North -  101 to 114 ( 25
to 55 N ).
Mid North
   -  201 to 212
( 55
to 75 N ).
Far North   -  301 to 303 ( 75
to 90 N ).
The 47 Constellations in the South of Zodiac are assigned as :     
Close South  - 501 to 515  ( 00
to 20 S ).
Near South
   -  601 to 615 ( 20
to 50 S ).
Mid South     -  701 to 707 ( 50
to 65 S ). 
 Down South
-  801 to 809 ( 65
to 80 S ).
Far South      -  901  ( 80
to 90 S ).    
 Total constellations = 12 + 29 + 47 = 88

In the Indian system, 27 Stars are designated in these 12 zodiac constellations, and named. Each star name may represent one or a group of stars.

  • CELESTIAL EQATOR : The circular equator line on the sky and universe over our head, through which the Sun and the stars appear to move around us ( due to the Earth rotating around the Sun in 1 year, as well as its self-rotation in 24 hours  ). These is exactly above the equator on the Earth.

  • CELESTIAL POLES : The North and South poles of the sky and universe over our head. These are exactly above the North and South poles on our Earth.

  • COMET : A relatively small celestial body, travelling around the Sun in a highly elleptical orbit. It visits the Sun at fixed or variable intervals of time. It consists of frozen mass. When it approaches near the Sun, some mass burns and the evaporated gases project like a tail. The tail is always in a direction opposite to the Sun.

  • DARK FORCES : Astronomers have discovered a mysterious phenomenon that is making the Universe expand at ever-faster rate, says  a report in The Independent. In a series of experiments using the Jodrell Bank Observatory in Cheshire, a team of British and American Scientists has confirmed the existence of a "Dark Energy" by measuring the amount of light from distant star like objects that is bent by this hidden force during its long journey through space.... Cosmologists have known for some time that about 90 per cent of mass of the Universe is missing because it cannot be seen by telescopes. They call it "Dark matter" but its existence cannot explain the anti-gravity forces causing the universe to expand at an accelerating rate.... Now the team at Jodrell bank has found hard evidence of this dark energy by looking at distant quasars, quasi-stellar objects emitting intense amounts of radiation.... Dark energy only affects the properties of the Universe over very large distances, which has made it hard for astronomers to study it using more conventional techniques of optical telescopes. But by using "gravitational lensing" in which light and radiation from distant objects are distorted by gravitational pull of an intermediate object, the astronomers were able to discriminate between the forces of gravity.

    ( From "Panorama", the Friday supplement of Gulf Today, a Daily News paper from  UAE.   Pages 8 and 9. "Astronomers find evidence of mysterious "dark forces" )
     

  • DISTANCE OF STARS : The distance of stars are measured in Light Years. This is the distance traveled by a ray of light in 1 year. Light travels at a speed of 299,792,459 Meters per Second.

1 Light Year = [ 299,792,459 X 60 (Min) x 24 (Hrs) X 365.25 (Days)] =  9.460 Million Million ( 1015 )  Kilo Meters.

  • DECLINATION  : To locate a star,  Declination is measured in Degrees North and South of Celestial Equator as 0 Degree, and +90 Degrees at the North Celestial Pole, and - 90 Degrees at the South Celestial Pole. The Celestial Poles lie exactly above the poles of the Earth.

  • DOUBLE STARS : Some stars appear in close pair. This could be due to two stars at different distances may be on the same line, or one star is going around the other star.

Some double stars were catalogued and assigned a number by the Russian astronomer F.G.W.Struve. This is known as Struve Number.

  • ECLIPTIC : This is the great circle representing the annual path of our Sun. The orbit of the Earth is at an angle of 23 degrees to the ecliptic.

  • EQUATOR : An imaginary line of greatest length around the Earth, at equal distance from the North and South poles. It is considered as the 0 Degree, and North and South poles are at 90 Degrees in their respective directions.

  • GALAXY : Collection of Millions or Billions of Stars held together by the gravity attraction between them is a Galaxy. They are faint and gazy. They are either Spiral or Elliptical. Spiral galaxies are further divided into Normal and Barred.

Normal Spiral Galaxies have a central bulge of stars and arms curve outwards in a spiral  from the centre.

Barred Spiral galaxies have a straight bar of stars across their centre. Spiral arms emerge from the ends of the bar.

Our Solar system is in a Spiral galaxy. The entire galaxy is rotating. The centre of our galaxy is in the direction of the Constellation Sagittarius, the region in which the Milky way stars are dense. Our Sun takes about 250,000,000 ( 250 Million ) Years to complete one rotation around the centre of the Galaxy.

Elliptical galaxies are small or massive. They have an Elliptical outline, and do not have any arms.

Galaxies are assigned M or NGC numbers.

M numbers are from a catalogue of over 100 clusters and nebulous objects compiled in the 18th century by the French astronomer Charles Messier.

NGC numbers are from the "New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars" published in 1888 by the Danish astronomer J.L.E.Dreyer. There were 2 supplements to this catalogue in 1905 and 1908, called the Index Catalogue, having IC numbers.

  • GIANTS / SUPER GIANTS : These are stars of very large sizes of about 100 times the size of our Sun. They are at advanced stage of evolution than our Sun.

  • HISTORY IN ASTRONOMY : 1608 - Telescope installed in Holland. 1609 - Galileo invented that Milky way is a cluster of stars. 1755 - German philosopher Immanuel Kant found that Solar system and Milky way are part of one galaxy. 1923 - Edwin Hubble at Mount Wilson observatory, using a 100 Inch  telescope calculated the distance of the constellation Andromeda. 1969 - John Bahcell and Lyman Spitzer of Princeton Institute of Advanced Studies, found that the border of the galaxy is a Halo ( Ring of light ) of invisible matter. July 20, 1969 - The space flight Apollo-11 at 20.18 UTC, took Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin (Americans)  to land man on the surface of the Moon. Neil Armstrong was the first man to step on the Lunar surface (at sea of Tranquility), six hours later on July 21, 1969 at 02.56 UTC. A step on the Moon was a great leap for the man kind in Astronomy.
     

  • HORIZON : The horizontal contact point of the Earth with the Sky. Or the line at which the Earth and the Sky appear to meet. There are four main horizons as Eastern Horizon, Northern Horizon, Western Horizon and Southern horizon. Normally the horizons are clear and visible on the sea-shores. Even the clouds obstruct the visibility of the horizon. In the inland areas they are not visible due to obstruction by the buildings, mountains, trees, etc...

  • LATITUDE : Imaginary circles around the Earth parallel to the Equator, towards the North and South poles. It is at 0 Degrees at Equator and 90 Degrees at the North and South poles. These lines indicate the position in the North and South.

  • LONGITUDE : Imaginary circles around the Earth passing through  the North and South poles, purpendicular to the Equator. It is at 0 Degrees at the Greenwitch mean line and 180 Degress on the diametrically opposite international date line. It is a complete circle of 360 degrees. These lines indicate the position in the East and West.

  • METEORS : These are called as "Shooting stars". But they are not stars. They are stones or dust clusters floating in the free space. When they come closer to the Earth, they are attracted by the gravitational pull  at accelerating speed,  plunge into the atmosphere and fall into the Earth. By the friction with the air and gases in the atmosphere, they burn at a height of about 100 Kilo Meters, and leave a trail of light. These are called "Sporadic Meteors".

But each year, our Earth passes through a sea of inter planetary dust, and gets meteor showers, from one small area of the sky called the "radiant". It is named after the Constellation appearing behind the meteor shower. This is measured in terms of the number of meteors seen per hour or " Zenithal Hourly Rate ( ZHR )". The time table of such showers are as below :-

DATE / MONTH

SHOWER CONSTELLATION

ZHR

03- 04  January Quadrantids

Bootes

100
21 - 22  April Lyrids Lyra 12
16        June 8
05 - 06  May Eta    Aquarids Aquarius 40
28 - 29  July Delta Aquarids 20
06         August Iota   Aquarids 8
12-13   August Perseids Perseus 60
21        October Orionids Orion 20
03        November Taurids Taurus 12
17- 18 November Leonids Leo 10
13- 14 December Geminids Gemini 60
  •  DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

  • MILKY WAY : These are cluster of galaxies. More distant stars and galaxies scattered into a faint band of light, visible on clear nights. The diameter of the milky way visible to us is about 100,000 Light Years. The Sun lies at about 30,000 Light Years from the centre of the Milky way Galaxy.

  • MOON SIGN :  Always one constellation forms a background to the moon at any given point of time. We can see it in the night time. But we cannot see it during the day due to Sun light. But it varies with the angle in which it is viewed from the Earth. This angle is decided by the angle of the Latitude ( North to South ) and the angle of the Longitude ( East to West ).   Since the moon goes along the path of the Zodiac signs, this constellation is known as the Moon sign. The Indian equivalent term for this is
    Chandhra Raasi
    . The Indian system is based on Moon Sign.

  • MOON STAR :  Always one star forms a background to the moon at any given point of time. We can see it in the night time. But we cannot see it during the day due to Sun light. But it varies with the angle in which it is viewed from the Earth. This angle is decided by the angle of the Latitude ( North to South ) and the angle of the Longitude ( East to West ).   Since the moon goes along the path of the Zodiac signs, this constellation is known as the Moon sign. The Indian equivalent term for this is Chandhra Nakshthram. The Indian system is based on Moon Star.

  • NEBULAE : These are clouds of gas and dust in space. There may be stars inside this clouds, and they glow as a White nebula. There are Dark nebulae, without any stars inside, but appear as a black patch in the light of stars behind them.

  • Nebulae are assigned M or NGC numbers. M numbers are from a catalogue of over 100 clusters and nebulous objects compiled in the 18th century by the French astronomer Charles Messier.  NGC numbers are from the "New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars" published in 1888 by the Danish astronomer J.L.E.Dreyer. There were 2 supplements to this catalogue in 1905 and 1908, called the Index Catalogue, having IC numbers. Nebulae are also referred by IC numbers.

  • PLANETARY NEBULAE : These are the gas and dust thrown out in space by an known or unknown Star, at the end of its life. It looks like a lighted disk in space. It has no connection or relation to any existing stars.

  • PLANETS : These are objects without their own source of light or energy. The Sun is not a planet. The planets in our Solar system are Mercury (Closest to Sun), Venus (Brightest and outshines all others), Earth, Mars (Red coloured but small), Jupiter (Biggest and Second brightest), Saturn (Beautiful with rings of snow balls going around it), Uranus, Neptune, Pluto (All small and faint, far away from the Sun). They do not have any light. They reflect the Sun's light like our Moon. We see these planets in the background of the Stars. Mercury and Venus are between the Earth and the Sun. Hence they travel close to the Sun. They are either seen in the morning, before Sun rise or in the evenings, just after Sunset. They move up from the Horizon up to some height and then start retreating (back towards the Sun). They never cross over our head and travel round to the other side of the horizon. Other planets in the Solar system,  cross over our head and make regular rounds.

    It is common that people call them as morning or evening star. Mercury and Venus look like a star, but they are not. They do not "twinkle" like a star.

Our planets are near to us in the foreground. The stars are far away in the background. Each planet has its own rotational movement around the Sun in an elliptical path. Also the Earth rotates around the Sun in 365. 25 Days. Because of the combined effect of both these movements, we see each planet in the foreground, to be in different background constellations, at different points in time, going forward from constellation to constellation..

Also the elliptical path has two turning points. When the planets turn around these points, they appear as if they are going backward
( retrograde ) towards the previous constellation. The Indian astronomical term for this retrograded movement is Vakram. But this movement backwards is limited to one or two constellations depending upon the planet and the size of the constellation, where the retrogression takes place.

The time taken by the planets to go around the Sun ( Sidereal period ) are as below.

PLANET SIDEREAL PERIOD

STAY IN EACH
CONSTELLATION

Sun (Star)

 1 Year
Due to Earth's  Rotation

1 Month

Moon (Satellite) 27. 32 Days 2 Days
Mercury 87. 97 Days    7 Days
Venus

     224. 70 Days

18 Days
Earth 365. 25 Days 1 Month
Mars 687. 00 Days 57 Days
Jupiter 11. 86 Years 1 Year
Saturn 29. 46 Years 2 Years
Uranus 84. 02 Years 7 Years
Neptune 164. 80 Years 13 Years
Pluto 248. 00 Years 20 Years

Scientists are looking for planets in other Galaxies, particularly similar to our Earth.
 DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

  • QUASARS : These are celestial objects, resembling a star residing in a variety of galaxies, from normal to highly disturbed clusters. These are compact and enigmatic (not clear) light or other energy radiation sources, resembling a star. But they are not stars. They are billions of light years away and several hundred billion times brighter than normal stars. 

  • RED DWARFS : Smaller stars of about 1/10 the size and mass of our Sun.

  • RIGHT ACCESSION :   The location of any star in the East-West direction of the sky is given by the Right Accession ( RA ). The RA is Zero at the point where the Sun, on its yearly path in the sky ( Ecliptic ) moves Northwards across the Celestial Equator. This point is known as Vernal Equinox. This is given in Hours, Minutes and Seconds.

  • SIDEREAL DAY : Time it takes to complete one Earth rotation relative to the position of a fixed star. This measurement takes 23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4.09 seconds.
     
  • SOLAR DAY : Time required for the Earth to complete one rotation relative to the sun (24 hours or also 86,400 seconds).
     
  • STAR BRIGHTNESS  : Star brightness are expressed in terms of Magnitudes
    ( Mag ). This system was started by the Greek astronomer Hipparchus in the 2nd Century BC. He divided the stars into 6 categories of brightness.
    Mag - 1
    is the brightest star and Mag- 6 is the faintest star. Now a days the the star brightness is measured to an accuracy of 1/100 Mag by sensitive instruments called Photometers.


    A difference in 5 Mag is now defined as exactly equal to the brightness difference of 100 times. Hence, each Mag step is equal to 5th Root of 100 or about 2.5. Stars over 2.5 times brighter than 1 Mag is given a Minus number. Sirus, the brightest Star in the constellation Canis Major has a Mag of   - 1.46. Stars fainter than Mag 6 are given larger Positive numbers.

  • STAR CLUSTER : A group of stars may appear in the same location. There are 2 types in Star Clusters. Open Clusters with less densely packed young stars of varying sizes. It may vary from a few to thousands of stars. Globular clusters are dense and ball shaped stars in hundreds or thousands in number.

Star Clusters  are assigned M or NGC numbers. M numbers are from a catalogue of over 100 clusters and nebulous objects compiled in the 18th century by the French astronomer Charles Messier. NGC numbers are from the "New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars" published in 1888 by the Danish astronomer J.L.E.Dreyer. There were 2 supplements to this catalogue in 1905 and 1908, called the Index Catalogue, having IC numbers.

  • STAR NAMES : Today every star in the sky is identified by a Name or a Symbol. Many of the bright stars have proper names assigned in Arabic, Greek, Latin or Sanskrit (Indian) .

In 1603 German Celestial Cartographer Johann Bayer attached a Greek alphabet to each star in each constellation, known as Bayer letters. The first English Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed (1646 - 1719), compiled a catalogue and assigned a number for each star in the Constellation. This is known as Flamsteed Number. Today, the Constellation Name + the Bayer letter or Flamsteed Number identifies each and every star in the sky.

Some double stars were catalogued and assigned a Number by the Russian Astronomer F.G.W.Struve. This is known as Struve Number.

  • STAR POSITION : The location of any star in the East-West direction of the sky is given by the Right Accession ( RA ) and the North-South direction of the sky by Declination ( Dec ). The RA is Zero at the point where the Sun, on its yearly path in the sky ( Ecliptic ) moves Northwards across the Celestial Equator. This point is known as Vernal Equinox. This is given in Hours, Minutes and Seconds.

    Declination is measured in Degrees North and South of Celestial Equator as 0 Degree and +90 Degrees at the North Celestial Pole and - 90 Degrees at the South Celestial Pole. The Celestial Poles lie exactly above the poles of the Earth.

  • STELLAR OBJECTS : Celestial objects in space radiating light or other energy waves.

  • SUN SIGN :  Always one constellation forms a background to the Sun at any given point of time.  But we cannot see it during the day due to Sun light. But it varies with the angle in which it is viewed from the Earth. This angle is decided by the angle of the Latitude ( North to South ) and the angle of the Longitude ( East to West ).   Since the Sun goes along the path of the Zodiac signs, this constellation is known as the Sun sign. The Indian equivalent term for this is Surya Raasi. The Westenrn system is based on Sun Sign.

  • SUN STAR :  Always one star forms a background to the Sun at any given point of time.  But we cannot see it during the day due to Sun light. But it varies with the angle in which it is viewed from the Earth. This angle is decided by the angle of the Latitude
    ( North to South ) and the angle of the Longitude ( East to West ).   Since the Sun goes along the path of the Zodiac signs, this star is known as the Sun star. The Indian equivalent term for this is Surya Nakshathram. The Western system is based on Sun Star.

  • UNIVERSE : The space which holds the stars, planets and all other objects, matters and energy. The extent of its boundary limits, form, shape and size is not known and not quantified by any.

  • VERNAL EQUINOX : This is the point where the Sun crosses the Celestial Equator, moving from South to North. Zero point of right ascension ( upward ) or the celestial equivalent of Greenwich meridian on Earth. This point was in the constellation Taurus - Rishabam ( on the star cluster M-45 Pleiades - Krithiga ), then shifted to Aries - Mesham  ( on the star Hamal - Aswini ), and in the current century it has shifted to Pisces - Meenam ( closer to the star Al Rischa - Revathi ) . Accordingly the date of entry has shifted around from May 14 to April 14 and now it is around March 21. However, Aries - Mesham   ( on the star Hamal - Aswini ) is considered as  the starting  point for the Sun's path, till an astronomical revision takes place.

  • WHITE DWARF : Stars of very high mass or the mass of our Sun, packed into the size of our Earth (Mass packed into about 1/100 size of our Sun). They are faint and have very high gravitational pull and attract any thing in their range. The star Sirius or Alpha Canis major in the Southern sky has a white dwarf companion.

  • ZODIAC : The 12 constellations through which our Sun passes every year, is known as the Zodiac. All these Constellations have a name of Arabic, Greek, Latin or Sanskrit origin with a Greek Symbol. It extens from 23 Degree North ( Tropic of Cancer ) to the Equator and to 23 Degree South ( Tropic of Capricorn ).  See Constellation for details.

In the Indian system, 27 Stars are designated in these 12 constellations, and named. Each star name may represent one or a group of stars.

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{ Western and Indian representations }

Zodiac represents the circular path traveled by our Sun in the sky during the course of a year. Truly It is not the Sun which moves, but the movement of the Earth around the Sun + its angular tilt, projects the Sun with different background constellations. It extends from 23 Degrees North to the Equator and then to 23 Degree South. The Zodiac constellations are 12, and numbered from 001 to 012. In general each star has an unique name or a Greek symbol or a number.

The star maps are made clearly visible with proper contrasts, in the largest possible size. The star sizes are also made relative with reference to the biggest visible star.

But,  the Indian system has ear-marked 27 stars and named them separately. Each star name may represent 1 to a number of stars. Hence, arithmetically 27/12 = 2 stars make one constellation. 

001 - ARIES ( MESHAM )                             002 -TAURUS ( RISHABHAM )      
003
- GEMINI ( MITHUNAM )                      004 - CANCER ( KATAKAM )
005
- LEO ( SIMHAM )                                  006 - VIRGO ( KANYA )
007 - L
IBRA ( THULAM )                             008 - SCORPIUS ( VRICHIGAM )  
009 - S
AGITTARIUS ( DHANUS )              010 - CAPRICORNUS ( MAKHARAM )    
011
- AQUARIUS ( KUMBHAM )                012 - PISCES ( MEENAM )

Indian system also identifies the presence of certain features in these constellations as below :-

Aries, Leo, Sagittarius - Fire.     
Taurus, Virgo and Capricornnus - Earth matter.
Gemini, Libra and Aquarius - Air.  
C
ancer, Scorpio and Pisces - Water.

Each constellation is identified with a figure of an animal or bird or a human being or a celestial figure etc... Hence, each one has a designated head and tail portion. When a constellation rises in the eastern sky, their type of emergence is classified as below :-

Aires, Taures, Cancer, Sagittarius, and Capricorn
           Tail first( Prishtodhaym ).

Gemni, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpius and  Aquarius
             Head first ( Chirodhayam ).

Pisces - Central portion - ( Ubayodhayam ).

The Planets are revolving around the Sun in an Elliptical path. Hence they are at different distances from the Sun at different point of time, and turn around at two points in their path. On the constellations at these points, they slow down their movement. This is called the Home constellation ( Swasthanam ). Also each planet crosses the Celestial Equator to go from the North to South ( Going down ) at one given constellation. This is called the point of Debilitation
( Neecham ). Similarly, they move  from South to North ( Going Up ) at a constellation exactly 180 degrees opposite to that. This is called the point of Exaltation ( Uchcham ). The following is the table of Home, Exaltation and Debilitation constellations for each planet in our Solar System.

PLANET HOME
(SWASTHANAM )
EXALTATION
( UCHCHAM )
DEBILITATION
( NEECHAM )
Sun (Star) Leo
Simham
Aries
Mesham 

10

Libra
Thulam

10

Moon
(Satellite)
Cancer
Katagam
Taurus 
Rishabam
3 Scorpius
Vrichigam
      3
Mercury Gemini & Virgo
Mithunam & Kanya
Virgo
Kanya
15 Pisces  
Meenam
     15
Venus Taurus & Libra
Rishabam & Thulam
Pisces  
Meenam
27 Virgo
Kanya
27
Mars Aries & Scorpius
Mesham & Vrichigam
Capricornus
Makaram
28 Cancer
Katagam

  28

Jupiter Sagittarius & Pisces
Dhanus & Meenam
Cancer
Katagam
5 Capricornus
Makaram
5
Saturn Capricornus & Aquarius
Makaram & Kumbam
Libra
Thulam
20 Aries
Mesham 
20

GO TOP    SHOPPING   GO TO  ZODIAC CONSTELLATIONS IN THE SKY
 DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU


                               OTHER CONSTELLATIONS    
SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME

 GO TO STAR MAPS  : MID-NORTHNEAR-NORTHZODIAC
************************************************************  
{ Western and Indian representations }
The constellations to the North of the Zodiac are in 3 layers as
Near North
( 25
to 55 N ),
Mid North ( 55
to 75 N ) and Far North ( 75 to 90 N ).
There are 29 Constellations in this region.
These are numbered in the series 100, 200 and 300.
GO TO CONSTELLATIONS IN NORTH   :   NEAR   MID   FAR  
The constellations to the South of the Zodiac are in 5 layers as
Close South
( 00
to 20 S ),
Near South  ( 20
to 50 S ), Mid South  ( 50 to 65 S ), 
Down South
( 65
to 80 S ), 
Far South ( 80
to 90 S ).  There are 47 Constellations in this region.  
These are numbered in the series 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900.  
GO TO CONSTELLATIONS IN SOUTH   
CLOSE
  NEAR   MID
  DOWN   FAR  
GO TOP  
  SHOPPING
 DO YOUKNOW YOUR ZODIAC NUMBER ? ZONU

01.  A Guide to Night Sky.
       By : Shankar.P.N, Association of Bangalore Amateur, Astronomers,
              Karnataka.  Rajya Vignana Parishat, Indian Institute of Science,
              Bangalore 560 012, India. 1987.

02
.  Akasa Darsana Atlas.
       By : Paranjpe.G.R, NCERT. 1978 Positional Astronomy Centre, Calcutta,
              India.

03
. An Introduction to Astronomy.
      By : Charles. M. Huffer, Fredrick. E, Trinkelin and Mark Bunge, Holt Rine
             Hart and Winston Inc, USA.

04
. Arabic Star Names. www.jas.org.jo/star.html
05
. Astronomy - A Hand book.
      Edited By : G. D. Roth, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Newyork, USA.
      1975.

06
. Astronomy - Notes, Personal Observations, Recordings,
      Research and Expertise gained on Innovative & Computerised
      Sky / Stars show Assignments and Quiz Programs in Public
       Planetariums. By : Dr. VSR. Subramaniam ( This Web-Site Author ).
       1960 to 1998.
07.  Diary and Hand notes on Stars ( Personal ).
       By : G.S.Viswanathan ( My Father ), A Village Agriculturist and Hobby
              Astronomer, Gopalasamudram,  Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu. India.
              (1905 to 1980)
.      
08.  Frontiers of Astronomy. By : Hoyle.F, New American Library. 1960.
09
. Glossary of Astronomy & Physics.
      By : Janne Hopkins, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 60637. USA
10.  Hindu Predictive Astrology ( Only the Astronomical Portions ).
       By : Raman.B.V, UBS Publisher's Distributor Ltd, 5 Ansari road,
             New Delhi 110002. India. 1998.

11
. Mc Graw Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology.
      Volume 10, PER-PROG, Pages  308 to 317. 1977
12
.  Night Sky.
       Text By : Ian Ridpath. Illustration By : Wil Tirion. Harper Collins Publishers,
       Glascow G4 0NB, UK.

13Norton's Star Atlas. By : Norton.A.P, Gall & Inglis Ltd. 1978.
14
. Realm of the Universe. By : George.O. Abell, Holt Rine Hart and Winston
       Inc, USA.

15
.  Sky & Telescope (Journal).
        Sky Publishing Corporation, 49 Bay State road, Cambridge,
        Massachusetts, 02238. USA.

16
.  Star Names : Their Lore and meanings.
        By : Allen.R.H, Dover Publication Inc,New York, 1963.
17
.  The Cosmic Connection. By : Sagan.C, Papermac. 1981.
18
.  The Guinness book of astronomy.  By : Moore.P, Guinness. 1983.
19
. The Indian Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac.
       Nautical Almanac Unit, Regional Metreological Centre, Alipore,
       Government of India, Calcutta. India. 1967.

20
.  The Stars - A New Way to See Them. By : Rey.H.A, Houghton Mifflin.
        1981.

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**********************************************************

SPINNING STAR

SECTION - H
 

STAR SPINNER

CONCEPT OF ENMALISP
 ENERGY - MASS - LIFE - SPACE

BY : DR. VSRS.   SEE : VIEWER'S VIEWS
==================================================
SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME

A. UNIVERSE = ENERGY + MATTER

  1. Universe is made up of only two manifestations. They are Energy and Matter (Mass).

  2. Energy manifestations are like Electric, Light, Magnetic, Heat, Sound etc... with a wave attribution. All these formations are of the same nature but differentiated by their wave length.

  3. Energy in a wave form has an Up and Down format, but functionally it is double ended as Positive and Negative. The like ends reject and unlike ends attract.

  4. Matter manifestations are like Solid, Liquid and Gas, with a gravitational attribution, a combined double ended Positive and Negative effect. Hence, Gravitation is the Mass equivalent of the Wave attribute, with only attractive component.

  5. Energy effect exists even within the Matter as :-
    • Binding force in Atoms & the Proton - Electron balance

    • Neutron is a Proton - Electron energy amalgamated matter.  

    • Stabilising link force in Molecular Adhesion.

    • Gravitational force in Solids.

    • Surface Tension / Viscosity in Liquids.

    • Static Electricity in gases / Inter-space particles.

    • Like / Dislike in behaviors with Animated life.

    • Colour and Smell in In-animate life.

  1. Magnetic energy is a static Electric manifestation with a gravitational attribute. It inducts the electrical wave manifestation, equivalent to its gravitational attribute, when an oscillation is inducted in its static field. It is a Segmental Energy that prevails even if it is divided into pieces.

  2. When a certain matter moves in the gravitational field of  certain other matter, static electricity is inducted and charged on both the the matters. One is positive and the other is negative. This is the electrical equivalent of conductors moving in a magnetic field. The laws governing both are identical.

  3. Hence, it should be possible to get the static equivalent gravitational attributes of Light ( Could be light stored in Optical Fiber coils and available on need ), Heat, Sound etc.. like the Magnetic Energy equivalent of the Electric Energy.

  4. Any intermediate manifestation like "Ether" carry the characteristics of both the Energy and the Matter. This is evenly distributed in the Space, like a raw-material to get transformed into either Energy or Matter.

B. ENERGY  TO  MATTER  &  MATTER  TO   ENERGY

  1. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, but can be converted from one to another form of Energy or Matter or a combination of both, without any loss or gain, so that the aggregate quantum of Energy + Matter is a constant in the Universe.
    The formula is E = MC2
    ( C = Velocity of Light. By : Einstein )

  • Laser is a directly converted Heat from Light.

  • Hence, it should be possible for a direct conversion of :

    • Heat to Light ( To Optimise the Candle power of bulbs ).

    • Sound to Light ( To Optimise data transmission ).

    • Any one form of Energy into any other form of Energy without any loss,  in any needed cross combination
      ( Universal power generation houses).

    • Matters of any choice, directly from any Energy.
      ( Food, Hardware etc... in the Earth or in any
        location    in the Universe ).
      Note : Plant life already converts Sun light directly     into Starch, through the medium of  Chlorophyll !!!.
      Human skin produces certain vitamins on  exposure to the Sun light !!!. 

  1. Matter can neither be created nor destroyed, but can be converted from one to another form of Matter or Energy or a combination of both, without any loss or gain, so that the aggregate quantum of Matter + Energy is a constant in the Universe.
    The formula is M = E / C2
    ( C = Velocity of Light. By : Einstein )

  • Hence, it should be possible to generate any  form of Energy from any Matter, without any loss, in the Earth or in any location in the Universe
    ( Celestial and Terrestrial power houses of multi-energy generation).

  1. Star and Planet formation is a forward process of Energy conversion into Matter.

  2. Nuclear disintegration of Matter is a backward process of Matter conversion into Energy.

  3. Universe is oscillating in this forward and backward processes in a Simple Harmonic pattern in a cycle.

  4. At some points of the Universe, it is in the forward oscillation and at some other points it is in the backward oscillation.

  5. At one point of time, the Universe will reach a status of only Energy manifestation, without any Matter.

  6. At a diametrically opposite point in time, the Universe will reach a status of only Matter manifestation, without any Energy.

  7. Hence all the laws of Energy are applicable to the Mass (Matter), and all the laws of Mass (Matter) are applicable to the Energy.

C1. SPACE = SUBSTRATE  FOR 
ENERGY &  MATTER INTER CHANGE FUNCTION
MADE OF
C2. ETHER = { ENERGY + MATTER } AMALGAMATON

  1. Space is a common substrate providing the dimension Distance ( L ) for both the Energy and Matter to function.

  2. The "Ether" medium, having the characteristics of both the Energy and Matter is evenly distributed to form this substrate.

  3. Velocity V is a Space ( L ) and Time ( T ) dimension, or it is the Rate of consumption of Space ( V = L / T ).

  4. Energy E and Mass M are interfaced by this L and T dimension to function in the substrate of space .

  5. By the relation E = M ( L/T )2, when  M starts vibrating and moving faster and faster in the substrate of Space to reach a value of L/T = C, then E becomes M, reaching a status of only Energy, without Matter in the Space.
    Note : "Proton Decays" by Nobel Laureate in Physics : Abdul Salaam of Pakisthan.

  6. Conversely, by the relation M = E ( L/T )2, when E starts loosing the vibration and slows down in the substrate of Space to reach a value of L/T = 1, then M becomes E, reaching a status of only Matter without Energy, in the Space.
    Note : L/T cannot be Zero because, the Space substrate
               providing the dimension of distance L, never reaches a
               0 status, as it always has the "Ether" medium which is
               an intermediate formation of both Energy and Matter.

  7. Back Hole is an Energy packed Mass in equilibrium, occupying the minimum possible space substrate. ( Diameter ).

  8. The Positive and Negative aspects of Energy is combined into the Matter as an unilateral gravitational attraction and the repulsion aspect is absorbed by the Space substrate. Hence, the repulsion is inversely as the square of the Space substrate interface length.

D. RADIATION = DEVOID  OF  ENERGY

Matter manifested with un-sustainable packed Energy, attempts to get the Energy out. This process of decay is called Radio-activity or Phosphorescence.

E. LIFE = MATTER  PRODUCING  MATTER  WITH   MATTER

  1. Some Matters are manifested with segmental Magnetic Energy, under the Gravitational support, consume different Matters and reproduce their own matter, in segments. It is the process of life and pedigree. In this manifestation, the Matter acquires an Organic dimension.

  2. The segmental aspect of Magnetic effect could be seen in case of "Earth-worm" which is capable of growing back into two worms, from the head and tail portion, when it is cut into 2 parts.

  3. This Matter reproductive function can exist and survive only under the influence of threshold Magnetic manifestation, tolerable Gravitational induction and the harmonious support Matters.

  4. The Space substrate slowly discourages the continued survival of such Matters over a period of time, by slowly deactivating the effectiveness of these 3 basic infrastructure and base requirements.

  5. Hence it should also be possible to induct this organic dimension to the metals and bases, so that they could grow and re-produce themselves.
    ( Like Gold, Helium, Hydrogen, Mercury, Platinum, Oxygen, Silver etc... growing, expanding their masses and reproducing themselves ).
    Note : Hydrogen / Helium self-reproduction process is already
                existing in our care-taker Star, the Sun.

F. TIME = SPACE   SUBSTRATE  CONSUMPTION  RATE

  1. There is no dimension for Time in the Universe.

  2. It is a relative term developed in the Earth,   to mark any activity with reference to the environments.

  3. In the Universe, it is the rate of consumption of the Space substrate.

  4. Manifestation of the Matter ( Mass ) and Energy depends on the rate of consumption of the Space substrate.

  5. Rate of transformation of the Matter towards Energy is directly proportional to the rate of consumption of the Space substrate, represented by the relation E = M ( L/T )2. Here L is the quantum of Space substrate and T is a relative rate of consumption. If T is 1 it is a Matter. If  (L/T) reaches the velocity of light C, then Matter disappears and Energy appears.
    Hence even light is a Matter, consuming the Space substrate at a relative rate of C.

  6. In a reverse process by the equation M = E ( L/T )2, the rate of transformation of Energy towards Matter is inversely proportional to the rate of consumption of the Space substrate. If (L/T) is C the velocity of light, then Energy exists. As it reduces from C to 1, the Energy disappears progressively, exists as a Matter and Energy mixture, and ultimately reaches the end status of a Matter.
    Hence even Matter is an Energy, consuming the Space substrate at a relative rate of 1.

  7. The Earth is consuming the Space substrate at a rate of 1,670.48 Kilo Meters per hour, due to its own rotation. Also it consumes the Space substrate in the universe due to its rotation around the Sun, at a rate of 107,269,839.18 Kilo Meters per hour. This cumulative rate of consumption of the Space substrate of 107,271,509.66 Kilo meters per hour, supported by all other Gravitational and Magnetic environments, is congenial for Biological, Botanical and Zoological existence with life support.

    G.
    ENERGY + MATTER + SPACE = ILLUSION

    Everything in the Universe is an illusion of slowly inter-changing Energy - Matter manifestation cycle,  in the Space substrate, functioning in a Simple Harmonic pattern.
    From 0 to +360 Degrees forward and 0 to -360 Degrees backward.

GO TOP   CONTACT DR.VSRS   SEE : VIEWER's VIEWS  ASSISTANCE
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GOPALA SAMUDRAM.S.VISWANATHAN ( GSV )
MY FATHER - AN INNOVATIVE AGRICULTURIST &
INGENIOUS ASTRONOMER
HIS INTUITIVE VIEWS ON STARS & SKY
***********************************************

Every object, planet, the stars in the sky, our solar system and all the contents on earth including ourselves were together in one single mass at some point of time. (This is similar to, all continents on the Earth was together once upon a time).

This single mass is splitting into pieces and continue to do so, by spilling around an Ether medium for them to float. This medium is the binding Energy of the masses, which kept them together. These are like charged particles in a colloidal form in a solution, floating independently and without any relationship in a solution medium (This is similar to the drifting of the continents on the Earth with the medium of water as a base to float).

The matters inside each piece were also splitting to form different objects and species by spilling around a medium, called Ether, with certain cross-relationship for them to survive. (These are like particles in an atom bound together with an inter dependent relationship).

These masses splitting from an aggregate total mass as well as in a piece level shall reach a threshold value, so that they cannot split any more.

When a mass cannot split any more, they coagulate and attempt to form masses of bigger and bigger sizes, till all the pieces join together to form one single mass.

In this coagulation or amalgamation process, the medium which assisted them to float or survive is absorbed, to bind the split masses back to one.

Every animate/inanimate object, particle, planet, star etc... in the universe exhibit a tendency to join together, because of their original bond of being separated from a single Whole-mass.

This is exhibited as Gravitational Force, resulting any two masses in the universe to attract each other proportional to the Product of their Masses. But they cannot join at their discretion, because of the resistance exerted by the Ether medium in between them. This repelling force is inversely proportional to the Square of their Distances (More the distance, more quantum of Ether medium to repel)

The behaviour and the existence of every animate/inanimate object, particle, planet, star etc... in the universe are influenced by all other objects located around and somewhere else, because of their original bond of being separated from a single Whole-mass.

Gazing the sky, naming the stars, wondering about their configuration and movements provide only an external happiness. While an exploration of their origin, their existence and their expected future provide an innovative rejoice. This foresightedness and motivation inducted by my father is the base for the development of this page on Stars and Sky.
SEE : NEW LAW OF ENERGY/MATTER/LIFE/SPACE & TIME

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 THEME JOKE - MONKEY  MONOLOGIST 

◄  PHONE RINGS    ◄
SPACE SHUTTLE NO EVIL MONKEY THINING ASTRONAUT FAR EARTH
ZUPITER   SPACE SHUTTLE NO-EVIL MONKEY  ASTRONAUT   YEARTH

SOURCE : Original / Imaginative creation of DRVSRS, based on Space Facts, Similar skeleton joke in an old Reader's Digest of 1990s and Recent references at the bottom of this Joke.

 Importance of Space Exploration.
We are on the Earth, tied to the Solar system, an insignificant  group in the Milky way, which is a small strip in an infinite Star scattered universe, converting Mass & Energy, back and forth, Simple harmonically, in billions of yearly cycle, like a cooking pot. Imagine looking at earth from space. For the last few million years nothing happens, than in 1969, a small blip as a tiny spec leaves earth, touches the Moon and then, blip, back again. This happens a few more times and then nothing. Neither gold, food farms or water were found on the Moon nor people can go and live happily, to supplement the reducing essential supplies and increasing population on the Earth !!!  People complain about costly things such as space exploration and high energy physics experiments. Why spend money on these things when we have issues like poverty? They are correct.
 Existence & Exploration.

This argument is Nihilistic (Revolutionary doctrine). Why do we build monuments, paint, make films, write music, when there is still poverty all around ? However, Space exploration is one of our greatest achievements. As a by product, space exploration provides us with expensive toys that are not designed for killing each other. But the space is a common property of the Earth, legally as a birth right of a born baby of the Universe. Research and Development on this exploration should be a  joint and pooled efforts of all the nations together, than each nation attempting to grab as much of the universe for themselves, with large national budgets. This is equivalent to spending in a space war. This diverts the funds from essential needs into an unknown and un-predictable attempt, leading the local population into Poverty.  There is enough food in the world. Poverty is the result of Politics, Exploitation and War on Earth & Space. All the nations should realise that all people on Earth should exist first and then Explore.
 Error by Human interface.
The technology advances, by programming the human brain capabilities  into the electronic and mechanical gadgets. These could decide and perform many times faster and accurately than a human brain. A stage has come that these gadgets are more reliable than the human. Because a human thinks within the limited data and capacity to remember, interfaced with the psychological stress and strain, while the gadgets do not have these limitations and diversions. Today, human factors goes beyond just dials and gauges and addresses an entire system. At the center of this system is the liveware (human), who is surrounded by hardware, other liveware, the environment, and software (also known as the SHELL model). Unfortunately, the weakest part of the system is the human as they are prone to error. Much work and research continues into what causes humans to be so susceptible to errors. Cognitive processes are of particular interest today because many errors are caused less by machines and more by the way people who "think."
 Alien Space Exploration. 
NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has found the ingredients for life all the way back to a time when the universe was a mere youngster, and similar planet families like our Solar System.
The duplicate Earth in this Alien system, called “Yearth” was seriously involved in exploring a randomly rotating and red-belted planet called “Zupiter”.  The Yearth scientists are fully aware of the human error factor.  Hence they train a Human as well as "strictly order following" and most advanced “No-Evil” Monkey astronauts, (Monologists = An Entertainer who performs also) and put them together in space flights. During the Zupiter Mission 2, the flight was on space, and the telephone on board rang. The Astronaut took it and the Ground personnel requested to give the phone to the Monkey. The Monkey carefully listened, went to the control panel and altered some key settings, came back and quietly sat on the allotted seat. This phone ringing, Man taking it, giving to the Monkey, Monkey working on the control panel and returning - happened 8 times. On the 9th time, the phone rang.  The man said to the Monkey “It is surely for you. Go and take it”. Monkey took it and called the Man and said “It is for you”. The Man listened to the Ground control and they said “Feed the Monkey with Universal-Soup-69 (See Recipe below)”.  This Ground command started repeating  this care-taking order at every 9th call. Then only the Human Astronaut  realised that the “Space control is Monkey Management” and “Monkey feeding is his Merriment !!
***************************************************************

Moral :
According to Darwin, Man originated from Monkey. By his developed brain, the Man designed the Computers. Then Self-realised that  his ancestors with the support of his invention, is more safer and reliable in any hi-tech assignments, than himself. {Charles Darwin (1809-1882) was the first of the evolutionary Biologists, the originator of the concept of natural selection. His principal works, The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871) marked a new epoch.}
**************************************************************
       Other References :                                                          
       http://www.davidgalbraith.org/archives/000190.html
       http://www.astrobiology.com/ [Thursday, July 28, 2005]
   
       http://www.tacgworldwide.com/abouthf.htm     
      
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***************************************************************
 Space Errors.  Source :  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
=======================================================
5th September 1988
, Soyuz TM-5 cosmonauts Alexandr Lyakhov and Abdul Ahad Mohmand (from Afghanistan) undocked from Mir. They jettisoned the orbital module and got ready for the de-orbit (different orbit) burn. The de-orbit burn did not occur because the infrared horizon sensor could not confirm the proper attitude. Seven minutes later, the correct attitude was achieved. The main engine fired, but Lyakhov shut it down after 3 seconds to prevent a landing overshoot. A second firing 3 hours later lasted only 6 seconds. Lyakhov immediately attempted to manually de-orbit the craft, but the computer shut down the engine after 60 seconds. After three attempts at retrofire (reverse fire), the cosmonauts were forced to remain in orbit for
another day, until they came into alignment with the targeted landing site again. Even if they had enough fuel to do so, they would not have been able to re-dock (join back) with Mir, because they had discarded the docking system along with the orbital module. The cosmonauts were left for a day in the cramped quarters of the descent module with minimal food and water and no sanitary facilities. Re-entry occurred as normal on
7th September 1988.
========================================================
 23 January 1971, Gene Cernan was flying a helicopter as part of his Lunar Module training as Backup Commander for Apollo 14. The helicopter crashed into the Banana River at
Cape Canaveral, Florida. Cernan was nearly drowned because he was not wearing a life vest and received some second-degree burns on his face and singed (slightly burned) hair. Later accounts, written by Cernan himself in an autobiography, admit that he was flying too low and showing off for nearby boaters. The helicopter dipped & skid into the water and crashed. James McDivitt, an Apollo Manager at the time, demanded that Cernan be removed from flight status and not be given Command of Apollo 17. He was defended by Deke Slayton and given the Apollo 17 command. James McDivitt resigned as an Apollo Manager shortly after the Apollo 16 mission.
=======================================================
The Gemini 8 crew narrowly averted disaster on
17 March 1966 after a maneuvering thruster would not shut down and put their capsule into an uncontrolled spin.
=======================================================
On 29 August 1965, Gemini 5 landed 130 kilometers short of its planned Pacific Ocean landing point due to a software error. The Earth's rotation rate had been programmed by the software designers, as one revolution per solar day (
Time required for the Earth to complete one rotation relative to the sun. 24 hours or  86,400 seconds)) instead of the correct value, one revolution per sidereal day (The time taken by Earth  to go around the Sun in a day. 23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4.09 seconds).  

              THEME RECIPE : UNIVERSAL SOUPE-69                          
6 = Tail up and Head down (Space Environment). 9 = Head up and Tail down (Earth Environment). Hence this is an Universal Soup,  good for All in Space or in Earth.
====================================================
                                               HUMAN NEED
          SOURCE
 
 
        http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/reference/factsheets/food.html
In Earth or in Space, it is necessary to get the "
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)" of vitamins and minerals necessary to perform in the environment. Caloric requirements are determined by the National Research Council formula for Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE). For Women, BEE = 655 + (9.6 X W) + (1.7 X H) - (4.7 X A), and for Men, BEE = 66 + (13.7 X W) + (5 X H) - (6.8 X A).
A = Age in years.  H = Height in centimeters W = Weight in kilograms.

Recommended Vegetables : Fresh = Good as it is. Rehydrable = Freezed & Fresh on adding water. Thermostabilised  = Made fresh by soaking in hot water. These are expected to provide the required BEE, if taken twice a day.

  • Asparagus (Rehydratable), Broccoli (Rehydratable)

  • Carrot Sticks (Fresh)

  • Cauliflower with Cheese (Rehydratable)

  • Celery Sticks (Fresh Food)

  • Green Beans & Broccoli (Rehydratable)

  • Spinach (Fresh)

  • Tomatoes & Eggplant (Thermostabilised),  Yogurt (Fresh),

  • Blueberry (Thermostabilized), Peach (Thermostabilized)

  • Raspberry (Thermo-stabilized), Strawberry (Thermostabilised)
  • ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Rehydratable package consists of a flexible bowl and lid with the septum adapter for adding water from the galley of the Space shuttle. The forced air convection oven heats food and beverages by conduction with a hot plate or by forced convection. The temperature of the oven is maintained at 160 to 170 Deg F. The oven holds 14 rehydratable packages plus thermostabilized pouches and beverages. The EDO rehydratable food package is also made from flexible material to aid in trash compression.

  • Thermostabilised foods are heat processed to destroy deleterious microorganisms and enzymes. Individual servings of thermostabilized foods are commercially available in aluminum or bimetallic cans, plastic cups, or in flexible retort pouches. This will not require the addition of water before consumption. Thermostabilised entrees (principal food) and fruits, intermediate moisture foods, and dehydrated food and beverages will be used to meet the shelf-stable requirement. The shelf life of each food item will be a minimum of 2 years.

 UNIVERSAL SOUPE-69    SOURCE : Kanthimathi. House-Wife

INGREDIENTS

01. Asparagus (Larger Diameter. Finely chopped) - Kg
     (Asparagus Racemosus, Kizhavarai, Member of the
      Lily  family)
02. Blueberry (Finely chopped)-
Kg
      (Vaccinium)
 
03. Broccoli (Finely chopped)-
Kg
      (Rapini, Tulip, Mustard Spinach)

04.
Carrot (Boiled, Peeled, Chopped) - 1 (Medium)
05. Cauliflower (Finely chopped)- Kg
06. Cayenne Pepper (Chilli Pepper, Milagu, Valmiri)
      Dry Ground - Tea Spoon

07. Cilantro Seeds -(Coriender, Dhania, Malli)
      Dry ground  - 2 Table Spoons

08. Cinnamon (Dry Ground) - 1 Tea Spoons
09. Cloves (Dry Ground) - 3 Nos
10. Cumin Seeds (Jeera) Dry Ground - 1 Tea Spoons
11. Fresh Flavour Ghee - 2 Table Spoon
12. Garlic (Minced) - 2 Cloves
13. Ginger Root (Minced) - 2 Tea Spoons
14.
Green Beans (Finely chopped) - Kg
15. Onion (Large - Chopped) - 1 No
16. Pea Nuts (Fresh, Dry Roasted, Dry ground)
     
Tea Cups
17. Peanut Butter (Creamy) - 2 Table Spoons
18. Raspberry (Finely chopped)- Kg
      (Rubus)

19. Salt - 1 Tea Spoon
20. Sweet potatoes -
Medium size
     
(Boiled, Peeled, Chopped)  -
Kg  ( Pound)
      (Charkarai Vallik Kizhangu, Sweet Root Vegetable
       with a Red skin. Ipomaea Batata, Cheenik Kizhangu,
       Sweet Yam) 

21. Tomatoes (Medium - Chopped) - 3 Nos

23. Water - 4 Tea Cups

PREPARATION

  1. Heat the Fresh Flavour Ghee in a large saucepan over Medium heat.
  2. Saute (Fry briefly) the onion 10 for minutes, until lightly browned.
  3. Add  the Dry ground Cayenne Pepper, Cinnamon, Cloves, Coriander, Cumin, Garlic and Ginger. Stir and through mix.
  4. Add Asparagus, Blue Berry, Broccoli, Carrot, Green peas, Raspberry,  Sweet potatoes and Tomatoes and and continue to cook and stir for about 5 minutes.
  5. Pour water into the saucepan, and season the mixture with Salt. Bring to a boil, reduce heat, and simmer 30 minutes.
  6. Remove the soup mixture from heat.
  7. If the Soup is thick add 1 more cup of water and boil.
  8. In a food processor or blender, blend the soup and peanuts until almost smooth.
  9. Season (Gently spray) with Cayenne pepper.
  10. Whisk in (Spread on top) the peanut butter, and cook until heated through.
    ===============================================
  11. At Earth level        : Serve warm in a Soup pot with a Table Spoon. At Space Modules : Rehydratable or  Thermostabilised Packs.

MORAL : Hi-Tech Management, beyond the Earth Domain needs  More reliability on Non-Thinking Performers guided by a Thinking Machine and serviced by a Thespian (Performer) as Directed. Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE) keeps the Performer and the Thespian  in productive condition.
         
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Betterment of National Means

                  39. CREATIVE  CONFERENCE              
 1. OSWALD.K.YHAP - Manager, Caribbean Basin Water management    (CDB)
2. DR.VSRS
  3. ARTHUR LEWIS - Nobel Laurate in Economic    Science 1979
. In Welches Gardens, St.Michael, Barbados. 
West  Indies on Saturday the April 20, 1985  

40. ACCREDITED ASSOCIATION
DR.VSRS WITH ARTHUR LEWIS
Nobel Laurate in Economic Science 1979
In the University of West Indies.
Barbados Campus (1985)
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