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      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
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  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

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    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIM.RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEW

 06.NEW CONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07.  PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
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       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
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       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
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 11.SOFTWARE (SW)
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       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
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. VIEWER'S VIEW      
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       B.CONSTELLATION
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
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ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

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      VIEWER'S VIEWS
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 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 06.NEW CONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICA
     TIONS
    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09.SMARTTHOUGHTS         A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-ECONOMIC
       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11.SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12. STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B.CONSTELLATION
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
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            WESTERN 
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It is a Safe Site. Java Script is used only to display the Date and Time. If  "To help protect your security" line is on the top - 01. Left click  On "To help protect your security". 02.  "Allow blocked content" in the displayed window. 03. "Yes" in  Security warning window.  It shall also help you to get a full view of this page contents . Books/Products are on safe Popup windows. Double click on the link if a caution message is displayed - DR.VSRS .

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Research & Development

Socio-Economic Development Acceleration

DNA IN ACTIONNEWCONCEPTSDNA IN ACTION

It is less important to have unanimity than it is making the right decision and doing the right thing, even though at the outset it may seem lonesome"
By US Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld on 29th August 2002. From the Middle East Economic Digest (MEED),
30th August 2002. Page 2  
 
SHOPPING

THEME PICTURE & QUOTATION - NEW CONCEPTS
ATOM&FRUIT
  38. SCIENCE &   COMMERCE  

  FROM VIEWER'S VIEWS -  Management & productivity     
                              
I am looking forward to your earliest reply to the same email address, as a we are working on a research project on effective management tools for government sectors in developing countries  Dr.Malvyn Copen
Here I provide the exhaustive details on how every aspect of Socio-Economic Development, Management Input / Output factors could be quantified, in order to assist your research project - DR.VSRS 
You talk of productivity by Socioeconomic goals. What it has to do with me Angello Bocelli
Unless every industry think and do something about this, the nation cannot survive, continue and progress -
DR.VSRS
================================================
                    FROM VIEWER'S VIEWS                                   
         Socio-Economic Development Acceleration                     

How it will help a person like me  by your writing a mathematical paper like this in the internet ??? - Kanthimathi
This is what I say in the Internet as local resources and local man-power has to be used to support the local social and economic development. Government alone cannot do it - DR.VSRS
I analysed this(Housing) loan scheme and found out that it is not actually giving either the uplifting or the comfortable living - Peter Kemoli
It has induced an indirect advantage of domestic saving potential for the medium class person, by drastically reducing the monthly deductions and  increasing the monthly disposable income -
DR.VSRS
================================================
                       FROM VIEWER'S VIEWS                              
                                 ENMALISP                                           

Congratulations for your new concepts which are "mind boggling", "thought provoking" and "integrates the science of physics into the doctrines of philosophy"   Ms.Katharine Hills
It is expected to upgrade the quality of human life to a vicious dimension, not thought of so far, by anybody's imagination - DR.VSRS
Your concept of ENMALISP brings out this philosophy of mortality and immortality in a forward direction  & immortality to martality in a reverse direction Swami Sailendra Ananda
All these laws are equally applicable to both Energy and Mass (or Matter). This is philosophy to Science. Eeach aspect of the universal behaviour and functions wrap around the unique 2 components namely the Energy and Matter. This is Science to philosophy   - DR.VSRS
                                  SHOPPING

 THEME  JOKE : KEY WORDS & NEW CONCEPTS

  THAKKOLE  IVIDE (KEY IS HERE)
FRUSTRATED CASHIER EXCESS CASH CASH VAULT CASH VAULT KEY (THAKKOLE)
Daily Cash Count & Tally (Example)
A. Opening Balance for the Day                  =  12,000 Dr
B. Receipts   during the Day = 13,500 Dr
C. Payments during the Day = 11,200 Cr
D. Closing Balance for the Day (A+B-C)   =  14,300 Dr
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
E. Counted Physical Cash                           =   14,300 Dr
F. C/F t Balance for Next Day                     =   14,300 Dr

 EVERY SATURDAY & SUNDAY OFF (ESSO)
Esso Standard Eastern Inc, in Bombay, India was an Eastern affiliate of the International oil giant EXXON, Newyork, USA. (In 1974 it was nationalized by the Indian Government and renamed). I was heading the Computer Information Department, from 1968 to 1975, controlling the Far East region {Burma (now Mayanmar), Ceylon (now Srilanka), East Pakitan (Now Bangladesh), India, Nepal and West Pakistan (now Pakistan)}.   Oil companies in all over the world make huge profits due to their “Creative Culture” management and Productive  environments.
One of the important efficiency-optimisation methodology of Esso was providing rest, relaxation and peace to the employees, wherever possible. Accordingly the working days per week was made as 5 (Monday to Friday), a feature, not practiced anywhere in the nation during 1960’s and 70s.  Hence, It became popular that ESSO (Shortened form for Standard Oil – SO), was interpreted as “Every Saturday and Sunday Off”.
 COUNTING CASHIER  
An important Accounting work in the company is daily cash balance tally. The cashier in charge at the end of the day, should close the transaction at 4 PM, which is 1 hour before the evening closure time of 5 PM. Count the cash and tally it with the Manual Cash Ledger, posted after every transaction, from the morning.

  • This has an Opening balance entry at the beginning of the day, entered in a Balance column.

  • Receipts during the day, posted with an approved and serially controlled Receipt Number & Details, are entered in the Debtor (Dr) column to show the inward cash flow.

  • Any Payments during the day, posted with an approved and serially controlled Voucher Number, & Details, are entered in the Creditor (Cr) column to account for the outward flow.

  • Against each line of Dr and Cr, an amount is entered in the Balance column (Dr amounts are added and Cr amounts are subtracted to arrive at the closing balance).

  • Just at the point of closure of the Cash counter, the amount shown as the balance should tally with the physical cash.

  • Then the physical cash is kept in the Vault Box, locked and the Key is handed over to the “Manager-General Accounts”.

  • The expected counting and tallying time was 1 hour, so that the Cashier goes home at 5 PM, the scheduled daily end of the day time.

But when the in and out transaction are more, the closing balance cash won’t tally, and Physical count amount on the first count. It could be either more or less than the Book.  Then the tallying methodology was :-

  1. Write the amount difference in a Scratch book.  Recount and tally.

  2. If there is still a difference, check the calculation in the Cash book as Opening balance + Receipt amount – Payment amount = Closing balance, line by line.

  3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 till the Cash is tallied.

  4. If it is not tallied before 5 PM, the cashier is paid an Over-time wage at double the hourly normal rate, for excess hours worked. (A cashier was paid about 3,000 per month or 30 per day or 30/8 = 3.75 per hour. The over time rate was 7.50).

In line with the company’s policy, a statistical analysis on this job during 1968, indicated that the average amount not tallying was 144.75, over-time hour (OT) was 3, over-time days were 5, over-time payment was 112.50 (3X7.50X5). Since the monthly payment of 112.50 is less than the non-tallying amount of 144.75, no action was taken. 
During 1969, In the first quarter, the OT amount was 840 versus the non-tallying amount of 135.25. In the second quarter, the OT amount was 1,050.00 versus the non-tallying amount of 172.80.
Immediately, the Manager – General Accounts felt that the Cashier is more Counting than Accounting, because the former provides an additional amount of about 25 to 50% of the salary, while the latter is an ensured monthly income.  Through a Memorandum,  he issued the following instructions to the Cashiers :-

  1. If the difference amount is less than or equal to 175,  the cashier shall add the difference amount from his pocket, and go home, without any OT work.  This will be reimbursed to him on the next working day, along with a Coupon for a Free slice of Carrot confectionery (See Recipe Below) from the Staff Canteen.. 

  2. If the difference amount is more than or equal to 175,  the cashier shall take the difference amount, and go home, without any OT work.  It will be considered as a Reward payment.

  3. If the number of times A and B together are more than 3 times per month, the Cashier will be demoted to the job of “Assistant Cashier” with a monthly salary of 1,800/= .

  4. Note : Tallying any difference amount should not cost more than the difference itself, and it is a bad job practice to do it continually.

In the second quarter of 1969, cash not-tallying incident came
to a Nil !! It was because of the Carrot & Stick Policy (A and C above. Reward & Fire approach )
 BOLTED VAULT
During the 3rd quarter of 1969, one day the vault key was lost, during the shifting operation of the Cash counter within the office. The tallied balance amount inside was 754.35.  All trials with alternate keys and the efforts of the office maintenance staff  failed to open it. Then it was decided to call a “Locksmith”. An expert Locksmith in Vault opening quoted 6,000 for the job. The Manager-General Accounts said “It is not worth paying a sum of 6,000 to get a return of 754.35. The vault with the amount, shall be in the Comptroller’s  Chamber. We will buy a new vault available at 4,452.  This is my cost saving approach, without loosing the bolted vault and its contents”.
 STOLEN  VAULT
During January 1970, the Vault in the cash section was stolen by a Robber, who found a way in through the privately operated Staff Canteen in the ground floor, just below the cash department.  The cash balance inside was 13,748.55. The company security people were alerted, police complaints were made, and all the department personnel were going around seeing the panic situation. The cashier on duty came to the chamber of the Manager – General Accounts and said “Sir, there is no need to spend the cost and time of so many people in search duty and so may others on watch the fun.  The bolted old vault in 1969 has proved that these vaults cannot be opened that easily. The Robber has to come back to me to open and get the cash. He Does not the value of the amount inside, and he may not be wishing to pre-spend about 6,000 to get an un-known amount. So Simply don’t worry. I have the Key,  Thakkole Ivide  (he repeated in Malayalam, his and the manager’s mother tongue)”.  
The Manager-General Accounts found his statements are true and in line with the company’s policies. But is it
practical ???
==================================================
MORAL :  The Management and Administrative Methodology can be Modernised. But the individual Approaches and Thinking  has a different cycle and pace to adjust for the changes. The result is "Theoretically Correct, But practically not possible".

 THEME  TECHNOLOGY : NEW CONCEPTS 
MANAGEMENT & LEADERSHIP OF OIL COMPANIES

 CREATIVE CULTURE  STANDARD OIL, USA
Esso Standard Eastern Inc, in Bombay, India was an Eastern affiliate of the International oil giant EXXON, Newyork, USA. (In 1974 it was nationalised by the Indian Government and renamed). I was heading the Computer Information Department, from 1968 to 1975, controlling the Far East region {Burma (now Mayanmar), Ceylon (now Srilanka), East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh), India, Nepal and West Pakistan (now Pakistan)}.   Oil companies in all over the world make huge profits due to their “Creative Culture” management and the following environments :-

  1. An increasing and never ending demand  status, for their products. They are always in the Seller’s Market because of the need for oil and oil products from house holds to industrial giants.
  2. Oil giants start their profit making by (This was in 1960s. Now the figures could be double or triple) :-
  • Getting Raw  Crude at as low as say US$ 2 on bulk purchase from OPEC (Oil Producing & Exporting Countries).

  • Bring into their refineries in Developing / Under developed nations at about US$ 8, getting a comfortable margin of about US$ 6 per Barrel. If the refinery processes about 10,000 Barrels per day, the daily profit in Crude import alone is about 10,000 X 6 = US$ 60,000 per day. 

  • Excellent Customer, Community, Government and Media relationships. They keep the enquiry, visit and feed back open for 24 hours a day for all 365/366 days in an year, through a network or person to contact.

  1. Computerise as many jobs as possible, with optimum possible Decision-making, Experience gaining and Operations research modules to have the least manual intervention (In 1960s !! IBM Punched card system – 16 K memory, 2 Disks, 4 tapes, Console, Card reader & Printer - 1 Each).
  1. Profit optimization by using the leverage of Cost reduction by optimising all aspects of every operation, as an alternative to Price increase. (In most of the nations today, the oil price is controlled by the Government). I have designed and implemented the computerised COCOCO – Corossion Control, MIOPCO – Minimisation of operating Costs, OPPROM – Optimised Product Mix, PERT – Performance Evaluation & Review Technique for Jobs & Refinery Turn Around, RIDE - Reduction in Delivery Expense, RITE – Reduction in Travel expense etc…, as back as 1960s – 1970s Relational Data Base Management System (RDBMS) with a common and integrated Accounting, Product and Raw Material Codes for their operations all over the world.
    (Nationalised Government oil companies make losses and frequently increase the prices of  oil and oil products, because their management infrastructure and Unions are always against cost reduction attempts).
  2. An enhanced pay pocket (about 5 times), perquisites, travel, health and holiday benefits to the employees, than any other local comparable corporate operations can offer.
  3.  Standard Employee Performance Appraisal & Rewarding technique, based entirely on productive contributions, rather than general behavioural / external aspects (Hire and Fire Or Carrot & Stick Policy).
  4. Every Job should be known to a minimum of 2 persons, and preferably to 3. This is to protect the continued and efficient operation of the company, even if 1 person is on leave or resigns.
  5. One of the important efficiency-optimisation methodology of Esso was providing rest, relaxation and peace to the employees, wherever possible. Accordingly the working days per week was made as 5 (Monday to Friday), a feature, not practiced anywhere in the nation during 1960’s and 70s.  Hence, It became popular that ESSO (Shortened form for Standard Oil – SO), was interpreted as “Every Saturday and Sunday Off”.
  6. In every operation and wok of the company, there is a close, immediate follow-up & verification methodology.
  • Action-reaction process - Any job done at a point should be verifiable by its result at the same or different point. This was a Return on investment approach.
  • Cross-control with its implications on another report or
    analysis.
    a) This is by the accounting Double entry system
         (For every Debit there should be an equal Credit).
    b) 
    Physical pinpoint system (Any material  issued
         from a Ware house,   should be physically located /
         available for  audit  in another location.

 TECHNOLOGICAL LEADERSHIP OF   OIL COMPANIES

CRUDE REFINING COMBINATION TOWER

Each barrel of crude has Bitumen (Pitch, Tar) - 55.4%,  Diesel & Heating oil - 10.0%, Gasolenr (Petrol) - 19.7%, Heavy Fuel Oil 1.8%, Jet fuel oil - 4.0%, Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG, Butane, Propane) - 1.8%, Other petro-chemical base oils - 7.3%. Total = 100%. Extraction  is optimised by a Combination unit. This an unique R & D process with :-

  • The Crude is input at 1 point and various products are distilled at different heights, using the common heating process.

  • The pumped output products are cooled by Sea water.

  •  The heat in the product and circulating water is used to generate steam as a by-product by a "Waste heat Boiler"

 VERTICAL DISTILLATION UNIT  (VDU)

COMBINATION UNIT - PETROLEUM DISTILLATION

Heavy crude oil is preheated by the bottoms feed exchanger, further preheated and partially vaporized in the feed furnace, and passed into the tower where it is separated into slop oil, gas oil, distillate, slop wax, and bottoms residue.

This tower contains a combination of 14 fractionation trays and beds. It is equipped with three side draws and pump around sections for gas oil, distillate, and slop wax products.

The liquid from the feed furnace enters the tower bottoms, where it is collected and sent for further processing. Steam is injected into the base of the tower to reduce the hydrocarbon partial pressure by stripping some light boiling components from the bottoms liquid. The vapors from the feed heater enter the tower below tray 14.

At tray 14, a draw pan is located from which slop wax product is drawn. The slop wax product and pump around are cooled, with the slop wax product going to storage, while the pump around is returned to the tower at tray 11.

The next product draw is located at tray 8, where the draw for distillate product is located. The distillate draw tray is a total draw tray, where the reflux from the tray is pumped under flow control to the tray below. The product and pump around are cooled, with the distillate product going to storage, while the pump around is returned to the tower at tray 7.

The last product draw is located at tray 4, where the draw for gas oil product is located. Th

e gas oil draw tray is also a total draw tray, where the reflux from the tray is pumped under flow control to the tray below. The product and pump around are cooled with the gas oil product going to storage, while the pump around is returned to the tower at tray 1.

The overhead from the VDU is condensed and combined with the steam. The slop oil and water are separated by gravity in the drum. The water is drained to disposal, while the slop oil is accumulated and occasionally drained to slop collection.

MORAL : Science & Technology update needs an equivalent Management modernisation, and an Economic evaluation. This is a quadratic conglomeration of Streamlined Procedures, Spot analysis of the situation, Timely Decision making and Implementation.  Multi-national do it with a Hire & Fire or Carrot & Stick policy.

THEME  RECIPE  : KEY WORDS / NEW CONCEPTS 

CARROT CONFECTIONERY
SOURCE : KANTHIMATHI (House Wife)

 INGREDIENTS (For 6 Servings)
 Carrots                       -  1 Kilo 
 (2.2pounds)
 Water                         -  2 1/4 Tea cups
 Fresh Flavour Ghee –  4 Tea Spoons.
 Ground Almonds      –  2 Tea Cups.
 Nutmeg                      –
Tea Spoon
(Jaadhikkai, Myristica Fragrans)
 Saffron                       –
Tea Spoon.
(Corcus sativus)
 Sugar                          - 1 Tea cup
 PREPARATION
01. Clean,  peel the Carrots and cut into small
      pieces.
02. Cook in a vessel, with in 2 cups of  water for
       about 20 minutes.
03. Drain the carrots, and save 1/2 cup of the
      liquid.
04. Put the carrots and 1/4 cup of the liquid into
      a Food Processor (Mixer).
05. Process the mixture until it becomes an
      uniform paste.
06. Take the remaining 1/4 cup of liquid (left
       from 03) in a pan, add  the sugar and keep in
       medium heat.
07. Stir occasionally until a thread is formed
       when a fork dipped and  lifted from the pan.
08. Add the processed carrots in 05 and add
      saffron.
09.  Cook over low heat for 10 minutes,  or until
       all the syrup is absorbed.
10. Stirr frequently.
11. Remove from heat, and blend with  Almonds,
      Fresh Flavour Ghee,  and  Nutmeg.
12. Serve hot or at room temperature, in 1/4
      plate, with a tea spoon to eat.
***********************************

CARROTABOUT  CARROTS 

Carrot  can be broadly grouped into Eastern and Western carrots.
Eastern carrots were domesticated in Central Asia, probably in modern-day Afghanistan in the 10th century or possibly earlier, carota
cultivars. The purple color common in these carrots comes from anthocyanin pigments.
The Western carrot emerged in the Netherlands in the 15th or 16th century, its orange color making it popular in those countries an emblem of the House of Orange and the struggle for Dutch independence. The orange color results from abundant carotenes in these varieties.

The Vegetable Improvement Center at Texas A&M University has developed a purple-skinned, orange-fleshed carrot, the BetaSweet, with substances to prevent cancer, which has recently entered commercial distribution.

Western carrot cultivars are commonly classified by their root shape :-

  • Imperator carrots most commonly sold whole in U.S. supermarkets; their roots are longer than other varieties of carrot, and taper to a point at the tip.

  • Nantes carrots are nearly cylindrical in shape, and are blunt and rounded at both the top and tip. Nantes varieties are often sweeter than other carrots.

  • Danvers carrots have a conical shape, having well-defined shoulders and tapering to a point at the tip. They are somewhat shorter than Imperator varieties, but more tolerant of heavy soil. Danvers varieties are often pureed as baby food.

  • Chantenay carrots are shorter than other varieties, but have greater girth, sometimes growing up to 3 inches (8 cm) in diameter.. They are most commonly diced for use in canned or prepared foods.

The world's largest carrot (a statue) is located in Ohakune, New Zealand. 10 Gm of Carrot contains 33% Vitamin A, 1% Vitamin C and it is non chlostral.

MORAL : Carrot has Vitamin A, needed for the Eyes to have a Good vision. Proper view of the situations and a pre-sight on their implications are needed for progress & prosperity.

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