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      INSTITUTIONS
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      SOCIETIES
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 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
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       B
. BE HAPPY
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CONCEPTS
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       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
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05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B.BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-
        THOUGHTS
        
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-
        ECONOMIC

       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
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       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
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       SOFTWARE
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       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
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        FAQ   A TO Z
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BOOKS
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       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
      J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
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 01.FACULTYSHIPS
      ASSOCIATION
      COLLEGE
      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-
        THOUGHTS
        
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-
        ECONOMIC

       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F.
BOOKS
       G. CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
      J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL       
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

 ENTERTAINERS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WORLD WIDE WEB IN MOTION

WINK ON SITE

LOVE AT SITE

SING WITH SITE

DANCE OVER SITE

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY Intellectual Consultants
.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
RePEc  SSRN

Expert

3

Contact :   Dr.VSRS

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CLICK & GET DRVSRS TOOL BAR
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CIRCLES MENU CIRCLES

 01.FACULTYSHIPS
      ASSOCIATION
      COLLEGE
      CORPORATE
      GOVERNMENT
      INSTITUTIONS
      PRECAUTIONS
      SCHOOLS
      SOCIETIES
      UNIVERSITIES    
      VIEWER'S VIEWS
      WISDOM  
 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 05.   MUSIC 
        
A. ARABIAN
         B. COLOUR CDs
         C. DIATONIC

        
D. EASTERN
        
E. INNOVATION
        
F. RAGAMS
         G. TEMPERED
        
H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
         I.  WESTERN
    -------------------------- 
 
05A. HEXOCTAL
        
A. ADMIRATION
         B. ARABIC
         C. CODE SET
         D. DIATONIC
         E. ENGLISH
         F. GERMAN
         G. HINDI
         H. KARNATAK
         I . KARNATAK KB
        J. MELODY
        K. PRIMARY RAGAM
        L. PUSHTU
        M. SCOTTISH          
        N.  TEMPERED
        O. URUDU    
    
   P. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 08. QUOTATIONS
       A. WORDS
       B. PICTURES  
           ANIMALS
           BIOLOGY
           BIRDS
           BOTANICAL
           BUILDINGS
           FLOWERS
           FRUITS
           HISTORICAL
           INSTITUTIONS
           LANDSCAPES
           MONUMENTS 
           NATURE
           PLANTS
           TRANSPORT
           TREES
            SPORTS
            STARS 
      
C. VIEWER'S VIEWS 
 09. SMART-
        THOUGHTS
        
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-
        ECONOMIC

       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
       
I. SUMMARY          
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEW   
 11. SOFTWARE (SW)
       A. APPLICATION
      
B. ARTILECT 
       C. BOOTING       
    
  D. CORPORATE
       E. DESIGNS
       F. HARDARE
       G. JOB SW
       H. OP.SYSTEM
       I. ORGANISATION SW
      J. SW QUALITY
      K. SW UTILITY
      L. UTILITY SW
      M
. VIEWER'S VIEW      
 12.  STARS & SKY     
      
A. ASTRONOMY
       B. CONSTELLATIONS
           INDIAN
           WESTERN
       C. ENMALISP
       D. GREEK ALFA
       E. MID NORTH
       F. NORTH NORTH
       G. STARS
            INDIAN
            WESTERN 
       H. SUN
       I. VIEWER'S VIEW
      J. ZODIAC
 13. VIEWR'S VIEWS
       ABOUT DRVSRS     
       DEVELOPMENT   
       COUNTRY
       FACULTY
       FEED BACK
       INNOVATION
       MANAGEMENT
       MOTIVATION
       MUSIC
       NAMES
       PRODUCTIVITY
       PROFESSION
       QUOTATIONS
       SOFTWARE
       STARS
       TOPICS 
       VIEWER'S VIEWS
       WEB CLASSES
 14. KEY-WORDS
        FAQ   A TO Z
       ANIMATIONS
       FLAGS
       HAPPY
       JOKES
       MELODIES
       QUOTATIONS
 15. DR.VSRS
       A. ABOUT 
       B. ACADEMIC
       C. ACHIEVEMENT
       D. ASSIGNMENTS
       E. ASSISTANCE
       F.
BOOKS
       G. CDB, BARBADOS
       H. CFTC, LONDON
       I. CONTACT          
      J.  FAMILY TREE
       K.  HOME  
       L. INNOVATIONS
       M. ISO 90001:2000
       N. NOBEL 
       O. PRIME PAPERS
       P. QUALITY AUDITOR
       Q. SITE MAP
       R. SOCIAL WORK
       S. VIEWER'S VIEWS
       T. WORLD TRAVEL       
 16.  CLOSE  

SPECIALITY

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 ANIMATION OF HAPPINESS - CLICK
 JOKES MENU - CLICK    LAUGH
 MATTER  SMART - CLICK
 MELODY MENU - CLICK
 PICTURE MENU - CLICK
 QUOTATIONS - CLICK
RECIPES

FEATURES

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

 A.  ASSISTANCE
 B BOOKS
 F.   
 H.  HELP (FAQ)
  L.    LATEST SITE
  S.  SITE MAP

 ENTERTAINERS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WORLD WIDE WEB IN MOTION

WINK ON SITE

LOVE AT SITE

SING WITH SITE

DANCE OVER SITE

Contact :  Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

WEB DETAILS

Contact : Dr.VSRS  

GO TO HOME PAGE

.PERSONAL 
Web-Site DESIGNED & MAINTAINED BY Intellectual Consultants
.

ON THE WEB FROM AUGUST 01, 2001

LAST UPDATE

RESEARCH &
DEVELOPMENT
CENTRE
RePEc   SSRN

Expert

4

 GET 
CLICK & GET DRVSRS TOOL BAR
 TOOL BAR

 02. INNOVATION
     
A. BIO-CHEMISTRY
      B. ENMALISP
      C. EXAMPLES
      D. MAIN CONCEPTS
      E. MATHEMATICS
      F.  CATALYST
     
G. MUSIC
      H. COLOUR DISC
       I. ORGANIC
      J.  INORGANIC
      K. PHYSICS

      L. STUDIOUS
      M. VIEWER'S VIEWS

 03. MANAGEMENT 
      
A. ARTILECT  
       B
. BE HAPPY
       C.
CONCEPTS
       D. DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
       F. NOBEL
       G. POLI-FINANCE
       H. SLIDE SHOW
 
      I. SUMMARY    
      J. SUPPORTS
      K. VIEWER'S VIEWS  
          MANAGEMENT
          PRODUCTIVITY

 04. MOTIVATION
     
A. ARITHMETIC
      B. BESTPEDAL
      C. EPOCH MAKERS
      D. HANDICAPPED
      E. LEADS FOR

          SELF 
          SOCIAL
      F. SELF
MOTIVATION
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCTIVE
      G. SOCIAL MOTIVATN
          EXAMPLES
          DESTRUCIVE
  
  H. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 06. NEWCONCEPTS 
     
A. DEVELOPMENT
      B. PHYSICS
 07. PUBLICATIONS    
     
A. ARTICLES
          ECONOMICS
          PRODUCTIVITY
          MANPOWER
          MATERIALS
          RESOURCE
          R & D
          TRAINING
      B. BOOKS
      C. REPEC
      D. SSRN  
 09. SMART-
        THOUGHTS
        
      
A. ALEXANDER
       B. ACHIEVEMENT
       C. ECONOMICS
       D. LION
       E. PHILOSOPHY
       F. SCIENCE
       G. TSUMANI
       H. UNIVERSE

       I. VIEWER'S VIEWS
 10. SOCIO-
        ECONOMIC

       A. ARTILECT        
       B. BUSH

      
C. CONCEPTS
       D DETAILS
       E. INDIRA GANDHI
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DR.VSRS                       INDIA                 INDIRA GANDHI

MRS. GANDHI GAVE NEW ECONOMICAPPROACHES
    BARBADOS        SHOPPING
     Centre page article by DR.VSRS in the
"BarbadosAdvocate "

The largest circulated Daily in Barbados,  West Indies, and the English        speaking Caribbean Countries.  Page 4 - Tuesday  January 8, 1985. During   1982 - 1986. The author was a Consultant Adviser - Computer            Services, to the Caribbean Development Bank, Barbados, West Indies,       
( World Bank / UNDP Setup ), under nomination from the assignment as the  Data Processing Expert in the  Commonwealth Fund for Technical  Cooperation(CFTC) , London (UK).                                                                   
Between 1972 and 1981, the author was a  Social worker in India, and a Honorary Consultant for the effective implementation and monitoring of the 20 Point Socio- Economic Development programs designed by Shrimathi Indira Gandhi, the late Prime Minister of India. Plenty of food, Sufficient clothing, Proper monitoring of the Key Socio- Economic factors, with commitment to Domestic Productivity were the Essence of her Administrative strategy.                                                                                                              
These approaches could be critically related to the remarkable Economic advancement of the Indian sub- continent, with Self-sufficiency in Agriculture, leaving a surplus for export; and strides in Industry, Atomic Research, and Space Exploration in India. The author feels that these unique thoughts and approaches of the late Prime Minister could serve as an eye-opener to all the Third World Nations to Accelerate their pace of Social and Economic development.

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                                               KEY WORDS
20 Point Program, Economic Development, Development Ratios,  Government Strategy, Indira Gandhi, Key Ratios, Management Decision, Mass Development, Mrs.Gandhi, Political Economics, Productivity,  Redefined Productivity, Social Development, Socio-Economic Developmen
t  

JEL CLASSIFICATIONS
A11, B31, D11, D18, D21, F02, F15, H11, I31, O11 

1. CRUSHED FLOWER.

Form my personal associations, I found that Shrimathi.Indira Gandhi had a special affinity to the Rose, particularly the dark-pink variety. This, probably she inherited from her father, late Shri. Jawaharlal Nehru, the Freedom Fighter, one of the founders of the Indian National Congress Party and the First Prime Minister of India. After her downfall in 1977, she formed her own party in the name of Indira Congress. Most of the intellects in India shifted their loyalty and membership to her congress, from traditional National Congress, which won the freedom for India.

A by-election held in Chikmagalore constituency, located in Karnataka state in India, seated her back on the benches of the Parliament in New Delhi, during 1980.

During the post-defeat period, she made frequent visits to the Karnataka State, a stronghold of her congress, under the Chief Ministership of Shri.Gundu Rao. During all these visits, she preferred to have the Congress sessions in Lal Baugh (Flower Garden), the central botanical attraction in Bangalore, the Garden city of India, and the Capital of Karnataka State.

My duties as one of her Honorary Socio-economic Development Consultant, also included the selection and presentation of a Rose of pre-defined dark pink colour, with specified dimensions, well formed petal structures, and a selected fragrance, to her, on the arrival for any meeting or work gathering. This, I presume, was to tune her mood for successful conducting of the Congress sessions.

On Tuesday the October 30, 1984, the stains of her own blood adorned her chest, in the place where there was a dark pink Rose. Her own body-guards stained her body in gruesome dark pink colour. The flower had been crushed.

Crushing a flower cannot bring an end to its botanical characteristics. This only assisted to spread its fragrance around. The spreading of fragrance could motivate more people towards Peace and Productive thoughts, and promote their effects. So are the Indira's indefatigable qualities. The fragrance of her qualities and achievements will not only spread, assist and optimise the development of India, but are also sure to guide all the developing Third World nations.

The flower has been crushed, but the fragrance will surely spread.

2. CONSTRUCTIVE ECONOMIST

My first association with Indira Gandhi in 1972, planted an innovative seed on my Economic thoughts and Management practices. She said that the laws of demand and supply, or the impact of the propensity to consume, or even the break-even pricing strategy are not needed, if one has to really contribute towards a dramatic up-liftment in the public standard of living, and motivate techno-commercial innovations in the country. She believed that correct computation and monitoring of the only two basic Public Consumption Ratios are sufficient for this purpose.

The first was a "Monthly Ratio of the average food expense to the net disposable income of a house hold in each representative economic region of the country". The smaller this ratio, she said, the greater the contribution to the "Biological Motivation" of the population. The inference was that a region with households spending 20 percent of their disposable income to get a full and nutritious family meal, could divert their thoughts and actions towards more productive works, than a region with house holds spending 50 percent or more of their income for the same. The moral was that "People who could not eat well, naturally could not aim high".

The second one was the "Yearly ratio of average clothing cost to meet their satisfactory requirements to the net disposable income of a household in each representative economic region". The lesser the cost of quality clothes as the years progress she said, the greater the achievement on "Public sociological motivation". The moral was that "People who cannot clothe themselves well, cannot mingle well in society, and cannot learn better skills".

I suggested that an assessment of the housing needs of the people is also equally essential, as shelter forms part of the "Group settlement and harmony". Her answer was that if the Government could take care of the first two ratios, then the motivation and the skills of the public will generate enough funds for the government to take care of this Capital investment in housing. This could be either leased or assigned to the people, depending upon their level in the social strata.

These ideas sounded more knowledgeable and innovative to me, than what I learned from the faculty of a Management Institution with Harvard Business School, USA collaboration, during 1964 - 1966. I blended these "down to the earth" Economic concepts with my modern Mathematical know-how in my paper "An Econometric Solution to the Problems of Productivity Optimisation in India", published in the "Indian Management Journal", Monthly Journal of the All India Management Association, New Delhi, India (March 1972, Pages 1 to 6 and April 1972, Pages 1 to 5. Refer to 02.02 in Publications), and later used by me as a reference material, during my Doctoral Research work.

3. ACTION ORIENTED PLANNER

In 1974, when she was booming with her un-challengeable majority in the Indian Parliament, Mrs.Gandhi enunciated a simplified version of a Dynamic Socio-economic Development programme. She named it as a "20 Point Programme". She believed that if the country could effectively implement, monitor, and evaluate the impact of these 20 Socio-economic guidelines, then the country will prosper, and could easily break-out of the shell of its developing status.

Mr.Murli Deora, a strong Indira Gandhi supporter, and the leader of the opposition in Bombay Municipal Corporation, who later became the Mayor of the city of Bombay , recommended that I should take charge as the "Honorary Computer Systems Consultant" to appraise the implementation of the 20 point programme. This assignment necessitated my in-depth involvement in the data collection, recording, retrieval, tabulation, and setting action-guidelines with reference to the 20 Point programme.

I found that Mrs.Gandhi's 20 Point Programme was an expanded and an implementable version of her Two-points economic thoughts of 1972. In summary, this programme included : -

  • 4 Points for Agriculture and Urban land ceiling, Equi-distribution of wealth, Minimum agricultural wages, and Expansion in irrigation schemes.
  • 3 Points for Worker's participation in industry, national apprenticeship scheme, and relief from Bonded labour.
  • 3 Points for eradication of Tax evasion, Economic offences, and Smuggling activities.
  • 2 Points for the Procurement, Distribution, and Price control on Essential commodities, with Economy in Government expenditure.
  • 2 Points for the development of Handloom sectors, Improvement in the supply of Quality cloth.
  • 2 Points for the Provision of housing, and Relief from indebtedness of the weaker sections of the society; and
  • 1 Point each for accelerating the Power generation with Liberalised investment, Optimum use of import licenses, Speedy goods transportation on national level, and Books, Stationery, Food commodities supplies to schools at subsidised rates. ( Total 4 Points )

This programme was implemented during 1974 - 1975, which coincided with the final phase of my Doctoral work, in the faculty of Management (Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies, University of Bombay, India). The extraction of the features of the 20 Point Programme, and testing my hypotheses with reference to these Socio-Economic guidelines, introduced a remarkable and practical dimensions to my six final publications and open-house presentations.

The comments on my work by the Manchester Business School (UK), The International Federation for Purchasing and Materials Management (London), and Indian Association of Personnel Management (Bombay), substantiated the practicability of Shrimathi. Indira Gandhi's 20 Point Socio-Economic Development programme.

However Mrs. Gandhi was not feeling comfortable in the Parliament during 1976, particularly because of the Judgment from the Allahabad High Court, making her electoral success null and void.

Believing in the "Expected success of her 20 Point Programme; and the unshakable faith in the power of the people; the need for an opportunity to clean the public life of confusion; and to uphold the fair name of India as a land committed to the path of reconciliation, peace and progress", she advised the President of India to dissolve the Parliament and order fresh elections, even though she could have legally continued for about another 15 months.

Contradictory to her expectation that "1977 will prove to be a year of added stability, strength, and continued achievement", she and her Parliamentary supporters were completely routed in the elections. That was the fate of her ingenious 20 point Programme, in the hands of the Indian masses.

Simultaneously, the then nationalised Multi-national petroleum company, which was my employer upto 1976, acquired inefficiency and lacked productivity orientation. I decided at that juncture, the time was right for me to explore my talents in the Petro-dollar rich Middle-East region.

My exposure to the Management Decision methodology during 1977 - 1979, in a different Socio-Economic setup at Qatar, my involvement in a US Embassy sponsored Computer Technology workshop in Bahrain, and synchronisation of the inventory control system with online entry / enquiry features to the agent of General Motors in Qatar, gave opportunity to adopt Modern techniques to effectively evaluate the results of the 20 Point Programme.

When I returned to India, and participated in her Congress meeting held in the Glass house, at Lal Baugh, Bangalore, on July 15, 1979, Mrs. Gandhi was keen to evaluate the Socio-Economic impact of her 20 Point Programme in Karnataka State.

Accordingly, I programmed the evaluation logic in the computers of the Karnataka State Government Computer Centre. Presentation of these analysis, and the associated proven Socio-Economic Development impact in a systematic fashion was one of the factors to bring her back to power in 1980, with absolute majority in the Parliament.

Her absence from power during 1977 - 1979, and her reinstatement in 1980, could be credited to her action oriented plan, and her devotion to their effective implementation.

4. PRODUCTIVITY OPTIMIST.

Indian Politicians will never attempt to antogonise the labour class, particularly by interfering with worker's "bonuses". This is because, the labour vote is vital and majority in industrial regions,   "bonus" is invariably the issue of industrial disputes, and a hard labour-management negotiation tool. Shrimathi. Indira Gandhi used to express a different opinion on this matter.

Her view was that "in the political arena, one should choose whether to antagonise the future of the Country at a Macro level, or to satisfy a group at a Micro level. We shall have only one goal, and that is to build Social and Economic justice ".

On November 10, 1976, while inaugurating the National Convention on Productivity, held in New Delhi, she declare that "Industries should think in terms of long-term productivity agreements by giving incentives to labour, in place of the old  and "illogical" bonus system".

In all Manufacturing sectors, efficiency and productivity alone could decide their continued corporate existence, increased profitability and enhancement in employment opportunities. However, through research, I found that "Corporate Productivity is related to the Employee performance appraisal system, and linked through the infra-structure Management Systems ". It implies that a corporate sector, before expecting an improved productivity and efficiency from their workers, has to provide a satisfactory appraisal system for their workers on the one hand , and ensure the presence of adequate technical and other management systems to enable the workers to perform their expected duties on the other hand, .

When I communicated these implications on Productivity to Shrimathi. Indira Gandhi, she replied that " The term Productivity has three implications. In a work level, it upgrades the skills and the efficiency of individuals; in a corporate level, it aids cost reduction; and in a national level, it increases the supply of goods at Socially acceptable Quality as well as at Economically justifiable prices. Given these three identifiable characteristics for the term Productivity,  the workers should be happy to accept this as a commitment to the society where they live; and as a contribution to the nation, where they cherish. Also, it is the duty of the manufacturing sectors to ensure the presence of all requirements to enable their workers to achieve the endeavor, to which they are committed".

This provided a new dimensional insight for me to link the Socio-Economic Development, Productivity, and the Management Decision process, through Mathematical Modeling techniques. Accordingly, my redefinition of Productivity was the ratio of Socio-Economic goals to Input as well as Output, given a favorable ratio of Output to Input. This new model, which modified the traditional concept of productivity as a mere material ratio of Output to Input, originated my post-Doctoral research work on "A solution model for Intangible Components in Management Decision process", and the associated ten publications.

Her optimism on Productivity raised India to one of the top ten industrial nations, upgraded the Indian professionals to the top third accredited international standards; and achieved a remarkable level of Self-sufficiency, irrespective of the often repeated confrontations in India, such as Rural versus Urban, Agriculture versus Industry, Labour versus Capital, and the Individual versus the Nation.

5. THE LESSON.

Shrimathi. Indira Gandhi was free, fearless, and clear in her thoughts and actions. She upgraded the value of the life of the Common Man in India, and left a wealth of Socio-Economic Development know-how, which will be useful to all the Third World Developing nations.

As she declared a day before her assassination, "Even if I die in the service of this nation, I would be proud of it. Every drop of my blood, I am sure, will contribute to the growth of this nation, and make it strong and dynamic".

The flower has been crushed, and I am sure that the fragrance will surely spread and  contribute to the growth of the nation, and make it strong and dynamic". 

  THEME PICTURE & QUOTATION - I.GAQNDHI  
 
KITE
  42. FLY HIGH      SHOPPING

 THEME JOKE - INDIRA GANDHI
 CAMOUFLAGED CHANCELLOR
(Only a Joke based on Ethnical Vs Historical Facts)

Mrs.Gandhi - Time 12 Nov 1984 front coverEARLY INDIRA
In Sanskrit language "Indira" denotes the Leader of the Immortals (Devas), Priya means Love and Dharshini is an exhibiting medium.
All these together was Indira Priyadarshini, later known as Indira Gandhi (1917-1984), She was the
only child of Kamla and Jawaharlal Nehru (1889- 1964), the India's first Prime Minister, and the chief architect of domestic and foreign policies between 1947 and 1964. She was born and spent part of her childhood in Allahabad, India, where the Nehrus had their family resided, and part in Switzerland, where her mother Kamla convalesced from her periodic illnesses. She received her college education at Somerville College, Oxford, UK.
GANDHI  CAMOUFLAGE
She was not actively involved in the freedom struggle. After Indian independence, and the ascendancy of Jawaharlal Nehru, now a widower, to the office of the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi managed the official residence of her father, and accompanied him on his numerous foreign trips. She had been married in 1942 to Feroze Gandhi (Gandhi is a Parsee Surname. It is in no way  linked with the family or the name of Mahathma Gandhi). Feroze rose to some eminence as a parliamentarian and politician of integrity. But he was disliked by his famous father-in-law, Jawaharlal Nehru. He died in 1960 before he could consolidate his own political forces. Mrs. Indira Gandhi (The husband’s Parsee surname was attached to Indira and she became Indira Gandhi) took advantage of the political contacts and accreditations acquired by both her father and husband, as well as the camouflage of the "Gandhi" surname appealing to the public as a link to the Mahathma Gandhi, father of Indian fredom !!
(In the past 10 years, I asked 750 backward rural  Indian villagers in different parts of India, about who is Indira Gandhi ? 635 said that she is the daughter of Mahathama gandhi, 87 said that she is the wife of Mahathma Gandhi and 28 said that Sonia (Born Italian !!) Gandhi is the real daughter of Mahathma Gandhi !!!. It was astonishing to find that none of them know or even mention the name of Jawaharlal Nehru, who is the real father of Indira Gandhi !!!.).
News : "Nehru forgotten at Congress Session". In 82nd Congress Convention held in Hyderabad, India on 22 January 2006. By Pankaj Yadav, Asian Age. Gulf News, Monday, Jan 23, 2006. Page 30.
COMPRAMISE  CANDIDATE
In 1964, the year of her father's death, Indira Gandhi was for the first time elected to Parliament, and she was Minister of Information and Broadcasting in the government of Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904 – 1966). Freedom fighter of
India and Prime Minister from 1964 to 1966, who died unexpectedly of a heart attack less than two years after assuming office. There were numerous contenders for the position of the Prime Minister-ship. They were unable to agree among themselves, and hence picked Indira Gandhi as a compromise candidate, thinking that she would be easily manipulable. But Indira Gandhi showed extraordinary political skills and tenacity and elbowed the Congress dons – Kamaraj (1903-1975), Morarji Desai (1896 – 1995), and others, out of power. She held the office of the Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977. She was riding the crest of popularity after India's triumph in the war of 1971 against Pakistan, and the explosion of a nuclear device in 1974. These helped to enhance her reputation among middle-class Indians, as a tough and shrewd political leader. However, by 1973, Delhi and north India were rocked by demonstrations at high inflation, the poor state of the economy, rampant corruption, and the poor standards of living. In June 1975, the High Court of Allahabad found her guilty of using illegal practices during the last election campaign, and ordered her to vacate her seat. There were demands for her resignation.
Mrs. Gandhi's response was to declare a state of emergency, under which her political foes were imprisoned, constitutional rights abrogated, and the press placed under strict censorship. She was prone, like many other politicians, to thrive on slogans, and one is “Garibi Hatao" (Remove Poverty) and “We are 2 and We have 2" (Father and Mother having only 2 children to enforce population by self-control ).
FORCED IMPLEMENTATION
Meanwhile,  as a strange implementation of these slogan, the eldest of her two sons, Sanjay Gandhi, started to run the country as though it were his personal fiefdom (legitimate domain), and earned the fierce and hatred of many. He ordered the removal of Slum dwellings of the Poor (Remove Poor to Remove Poverty). He made an attempt to curb India's growing population, by initiating a highly resented program of “Forced Sterilization” (Force the two to have only two). These actions of her son, earned a sizeable unpopularity for Indira in the nation.  In 1977 she resigned from the Prime Minister-ship and dismantled the Parliament. In 1978, her supporters wanted a new identity for the Indian National Congress under her nomenclature and formed the "Indira Congress", a party with an open Palm symbol. Also they created a slogan "India is Indira & Indira is India"
20 POINT EXCELLENCE
During her tenure as a Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977, she realised 2 important points :-

  • The heart of Indian Social & Economic development is in the Rural and Village Infrastructure.

  • Implementation of any policy has to to be approached with a short listed action plans.

Accordingly she developed a 20 Point programme in 1974 and implemented with every vigour and sincerity.  Indian development was at its excellence during this period of from 1974 to 1977. Eventhough she lost the election in 1977, she was able to come back as a Prime Minister, under the Indira Congress banner, with a thumping majority in 1980. this was due to the realisation of her "New and Practical" economic approaches by the people of India.
SICK OR SIKH
Source : htttp://www.valutechinc.ca/~vedanta/pramathanandaji.htm 
ARUNACHAL PRADESH SCHOOL GIRLIn 1982, Indira Gandhi visited  “Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith”, an English-medium residential school in the tribal province of Arunachal Pradesh. (See more details about Arunachal Pradesh below). Her lunch included  "Lotus Root Curry", her favoutite Kashmiri side-dish (See recipe below), which she relished. She was deeply impressed with the work and activities of this school when she visited the region. During her visits around the class rooms, she met an intelligent tribal girl.  Indira Gandhi (IG) asked the girl (GL) “How are you ?”. The girl, who was not well due to excess cold weather,  said “Sick”.  But IG heard it as “Sikh”.

  • IG : Tell me briefly - Who are Sikhs ?  Where they live ?  Who is their  leader ? With whom they fought ?  To win what ? What they did not  get and  What they really got ? Finally where did they go ?

  • GL : Sicks are people with some physical or mental disorder. They lived mostly in Government Hospitals. Their leader is the Doctor. They fought with the Killer diseases to  win their life. They did not get good food and comfortable living environments. But they really got the Death.  Finally some went to Heaven and some to the  Hell  !!!

But Indira Gandhi never thought it was a  prelude  for her non-return journey to the Hospital on confrontation with the Sikh community in India !!
BUNGLED  BANGRA
BANGRA DANCE - PUNJAB - INDIAPREFACE : Punjab has a long history and rich cultural heritage. Artifacts (Fossils) dating back to the Pleistocene Age (2 Million to 11 Thousand years ago) have been found in the valley of Kangra, Pehalgam, and Hoshiarpur. Originated in the Western Punjab, Bhangra dance reflects the vigour and the cheerfulness infused among the rural folk by the promise of a bumper crop. Though originally a harvest dance, now a days, Bangra is performed during the festivals,  family / social get-togethers and many other happy occasions. Many believe that the Bhangra dancer needs an inborn sense of rhythm and  it cannot be acquired. Expert performers of Bangra are the Sikhs in Punjab, with a turban, called Sardarjis.
SOURCE - http://www.indtravel.com/punjab/culture.html

In the Post-Emergency period of her Prime Ministership, Indira Gandhi was preoccupied by efforts to resolve the political problems in the state of Punjab, dominated by the Sikh community (See for more details Below).  During 1984, In her attempt to curb the secessionist movement, she ordered an assault upon the holiest Sikh shrine in Amritsar, called the "Golden Temple". In this attempt, the Golden  Temple was damaged, and Mrs. Gandhi earned the undying hatred of Sikhs. In November 1984, Mrs. Gandhi was assassinated, at her residence, by two of her own Sikh bodyguards, who claimed to be avenging the insult heaped upon the Sikh nation.
Even if I died in the service of the nation, I would be proud of it. Every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth of this nation and to make it strong and dynamic” were her last words. 
SOURCE : Many Books & Web sites on Mrs.Gandhi's Political Biography.  Particularly :-
http://www.answers.com/topic/indira-gandhi
http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/ Indira.html
http://www.gale.com/free_resources/whm/bio/ghandi_i.htm
http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Independent/Indira.html

**************************************************
MORAL : Keep the majority of the rural people in illiteracy and propagate camouflaged thoughts and beliefs appealing to their ignorance. Then it is very comfortable to get their votes, rule over them at will for ever, with absolute majority. This is the way many developing / under developed democracies function in the world. Development cannot move forward unless the Productivity and Management Decisions are directly related to the Socio-Economic impact, with priority to intangible elements among the population and the environment. Ruling Government heads should aim towards a synchronised upgrade of Domestic manpower with Domestic technology and Domestic investments with Domestic savings. All these need the removal of illiteracy,  ignorance and disseminate the facts in any walk of life, which the Domestic ruling leaders do not like !!. (See :  Concepts / Development / Management)
**************************************************
ARUNACHAL VALLEY - INDIA
Arunachal Pradesh, North East India's remotest state, also known as "Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains"  is the first Indian soil to greet the morning sun. Arunachal Pradesh is the northeastern tip of India with its borders touching China, Bhutan and  Myanmar (Burma) in the North and  Assam and Nagaland in the South.
  It stretches from snow-capped Himalayan mountains in the north to the plains of Brahmaputra valley in the south. Arunachal Pradesh attained its statehood on 20th February 1987.
It offers a dazzling array of flora and fauna that is sure to enchant any tourist. It is a land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus. The land is mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges running north south. These divide the state into 5 river valleys :  Lohit, Kameng, Siang, Subansiri, and Tirap. All these are fed by snow from the Himalayas and countless rivers and rivulets. The mightiest of these rivers is Siang, called the Tsangpa in Tibet, which becomes the Brahmaputra after the Dibang and the Lohit in the plains of Assam.
The state is proud of having more than 500 rare species of Orchids. Its mysterious, powerful and beautiful rivers with faces and moods that change dramatically ever so often form the colorful lifelines. These are ideal for rafting and angling and the rugged terrain is ideal for trekking, hiking and holidaying in a serene atmosphere.
Arunachal is home to 26 major and numerous minor tribes with rich cultural traditions. The people of Arunachal Pradesh have a tradition of artistic craftsmanship and sense of aesthetics manifested through a variety of crafts such as weaving, painting, pottery, smithy work, basket making, wood carving, etc. They speak Adi, Aka, Apatani, Assamese, Digaru, English, Hill-Miri, Hindi, Idu, Khamti, Miji, Monpa, Nishi, Nocti, Sherdukpen,  Singpho,  Tangsa, Tagin,  and Wanchoo.
Music, it is said, is woven in the man's nature. The Greek philosopher, Pythagoras, heard it in the orbit itself where celestial bodies moved in the predestined paths. Indian philosophers heard it deep within the very being : "Naadh", the primal sound. And in various ways and at various times, this music emanated from the lips of human beings. In Arunachal Pradesh too, the sense of melody and rhythm are among the most ancient of developments. As evidence, the verse below is recited by the Bard (Decorated Horses & Men on a  Ground) before the beginning of any prayer or ceremony. It is an invocatory piece through which the traditional Bard introduce themselves before the beginning any exercise.
      In the high heavens        I am the flute and the pipe;
      In hell and deeper down I am the flute and the pipe;
      Spanning all three worlds Filling it with music.
      In the bird's call I am the notes. In nature I am her song;
      I am the priest's inspiration, The philosopher's guide;
      I descend to spread the lore.

Music and dances are  the soul of Arunachal Pradesh, with ancient instruments resembling the vocal cords.  Some of the popular folk dances of the people are
Tribe Adi - Pasi Kongki, Ponung, Popir
          Aptani -  Hiirii Khaniing
          Mopna -  Aji Lamu, Peacock dance
          Nishing - Rekham Pada, Roppi
          Nocte - Chalo, Lion
Dances are supported with chorus songs,  rhythmic drum beats and  acrobatic exhibitions.
Farming occupies the central position in Arunachal Pradesh  in the field of agriculture. The state has several medium industries based on its forest products. Plants to produce cement  and fruit processing units have also come up in the state. There are a number of craft training centres and the states handloom industry has made good progress. The people are experts in cane and bamboo basketry work. Wood carving and black smithy are found in certain villages. Iron scrapers, spear head, and Daos required for day-to-day use are made in several villages. Mineral resources found in the state are clay, marble, lime stone, graphite, pyrite. Arunachal Pradesh Mineral Developmemt and Trading Corporation Limited was set up in 1991 and Namchik-Namphuk coal fields are under APMDTCL. The small scale cottage industry consist weaving, cane and bamboo work and silver smithy etc. To provide training to craftsmen there are two industrial training institutes at Roing and Daporijo. 
Education work is largely undertaken by the government and voluntary organisations in Arunachal Pradesh
. There is 1 University, 1 Engineering college, 5 Arts and Science colleges, 3 Industrial training institutes, 87 High schools, 301 Middle schools, 67 Higher secondary schools, 1251 Primary schools and 299 Pre-primary schools.
SOURCE :
http://www.indiantravelportal.com/arunachal-pradesh/guide.html
http://www.indianvisit.com/india/himalayas/northeast/northeast02.htm
http://www.arunachaleducation.net/profile/educationalprofile.asp

http://www.webindia123.com/arunachal/index.htm
**************************************************
 
GOLDEN TEMPLESIKH SYMBOLSikhism, the youngest of the world religions, is barely five hundred years old. Its founder, Guru Nanak (1459 to 1639), spread a simple message of "Ek Ong Kar", meaning we are all one, created by the One Creator of all Creations (Al are children of God). This was at a time when India was being torn apart by castes, sectarianism, religious factions, and fanaticism. He aligned with no religion, and respected all religions. He expressed the reality that there is one God and many paths, and the Name of God is Truth, "Sat Nam". The idealistic approach of Sikhism is that it recognises the existence of the same heavenly Light in every human being, rich or poor, high or low irrespective of caste, creed, color, race, sex, religion or nationality. Therefore the doors of the Sikh temple called Gurdwara (House of the Priests or Guru) are open for all in this world, without any prejudice or social discrimination. Every person in this world has equal right to enter and join the services in the Gurdwara.  
SOURCE :
www.sikhreligion.org/intro.html   www.sikhnet.com/Sikh 
www.sikhnet.com/Sikh

THEME RECIPE - INDIRA GANDHI
   LOTUS ROOT CURRY
SOURCE : Sankisar Kaul, Host for Exchange Educational Visitors, Awanthipura, Kashmir, India.

LOTUS FLOWER & ROOT

Lotus roots are starchy and slightly sweet. It is a Cholesterol free diet, with little fat. The fibre content provides proper digestion, free blood flow and relieves from constipation. One Tea Cup of cooked Lotus root provides :-
Carbo hydrates 19 Gms,  Dietary fibre 3.7 Gm,  Protein - 2 Gms,  Sodium - 54 Mgms, Total fat - 0.1 Gm, Vitamin C - 33 Mg. The soft seeds inside the bell shaped   cap at the centre of the flower  is a tasty item to eat raw. When there is a famine in any region, the tanks and rivers go dry, exposing the Lotus on the dry bed. The lotus root and seeds serve as a food for for the people.
*********************************************
For 4 Servings Making time - 45 Minutes

Ingredients:

Curd (Plain)   - 1/2 Tea Cup
Garlic (Grated)- 1/2 Tea Spoon (Allium Sativum)
Ginger (Grated)- 1   Tea Spoon (Alpinia Galanga)
Kashmiri Red Chillies - 4 Nos (Cayenne) 
Lotus Roots (Fresh)- 20 Inch (50 Cms) long
   (
Nelumbo Nicifera.Aquatic Plant. Lotus
    Water Lily family)
Mustard or Olive Oil - 2 Table Spoons (Genus Brassica or
  Genus Olea)

Rasam Blend -
1/2 Tea spoon (Garam Masala)
Salt        - 1 Tea Spoon (Sodium chloride)
Spinach Leaves(Fresh)- 10 Leaves (
Spinacia Oleracea)  
Turmeric Powder - 1/4 Tea spoon (Curcuma Domestica)

Preparation:

  1. Clean and chop Lotus roots into 1" long pieces.
  2. Boil till it becomes tender. (In a broad vessel with plenty of water).

  3. Wash drain and keep aside - 2.
  4. Clean and chop Spinach into 1" long pieces.
  5. Wash drain and keep aside - 4.
  6. Heat Mustard or Olive oil in a convex bottom pan, add Ginger, Garlic and stir for a minute.
  7. Add chillies, stir and add turmeric and salt to 6.
  8. Stir 7 and add curds and stir continuously till whiteness is gone completely.

  9. Add Lotus roots from 3 and Spinach from 5.
  10. Cook till gravy is almost semisolid.
  11. Sprinkle Rasam Blend (Garam masala), stirr and remove from fire.

  12. Serve hot with Bread or Rice

*********************************************
MORAL : Human beings are accustomed to enjoy the food cultivable (Vegetarian) and breedable (Non-Vegetarian) over the surface of earth. But there is plenty of unknown  palatable nutrient and nourishment under the water.  If they are explored optimally (in addition to the fishing), and supplied to the people, then it may open a new channel of food supply source for the increasing population. 

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